Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
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Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

 

 

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II - multipurpose fighter of the fifth generation, created in the United States, to replace the aircraft was in service: F-15, F-16, F-18, F-111 and others. Start re-scheduled for 2008-2009 years.

Development of the aircraft program F-35 LightningII

In 2001, the final version of the new fighter design was chosen in the program for a new generation strike fighter. two cars were selected for the final test. The first company manufactured by Boeing and was designated as a model X-32, and the second was developed by Lockheed Martin with X-35 designation, which later became known as F-35 Lightning II. But the state program provided for the further development of a single machine, this created the conditions to be met by the fighter.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

First of all, at the request USAF fighter should have shortened the length of the takeoff roll and a small distance when landing, obliged to make a vertical takeoff and landing. The most important was that the fighter should be effectively used as a naval and ground forces. This unit should have a number of advantages over machines that were made earlier.

In order to find out which car is better, tests were carried out, the results of which revealed that the model X-35 has significantly better performance. This model could produce a horizontal take-off from the site, the length of which - just 150 meters and after that could qualitatively hold horizontal landing. Furthermore, X-35 indicators can reach supersonic velocities.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

The uniqueness of this model has the structure diagram of the system of vertical thrust, which had a separate fan, not as in other such devices through the use of the main engine. This machine was designed for use by countries that belong to NATO. Financing for this project is not just the US government, but also European countries. This car purchasing plans, and Israel.

The first F-35 LightningII aircraft was manufactured in the autumn of 2011 and was transferred to the British Air Force in 2012. This device on the territory of England was the final test and served to train pilots for the further use of this fighter. For the first time the car made a detachment from the runway in February 2011 year in the US at the airbase in California. On this basis, flight tests were also conducted, which confirmed the high flight performance of the device at various flight regimes. The fighter was introduced to the general public in the summer of 2013 at the air show in Le Bourget.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

The first country that received the first order F-35 type of aircraft, became Israel, and in the year 2014, this country has signed a contract for delivery of the second batch. This machine is also collected on the Italian territory, the first machine was ready in early spring 2015 years and had the designation AL-1. The plans of Italian producers to collect 90 such devices primarily for the Netherlands.

Design features fifth-generation fighter F-35 Lightning II

In the development of this machine designers have borrowed many technical solutions from the previous F-22 fighter. It should be noted that the designers worked on three versions of this aircraft, which differ in the type of takeoff and landing. The base model had the ability to produce a standard takeoff from a take-off and landing using a run on the strip. The modification with the designation F-35B produced a rather short take-off for take-off, and landing was carried out in a vertical way. The third model F-35C took off from the aircraft carrier with the help of a special catapult, and landed due to the use of a ship's airfighter.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

This machine is equipped with most recent electronic equipment such as radar AN / APG-81, which makes it very efficient to detect both ground and air targets. In the avionics unit includes a variety of systems, including the station with phasing provided by the antenna AN / APG-81. The most noteworthy EOS system, which can be used to produce a set of operations, namely:

  • § to record the launch of ballistic missiles in groups at a distance of 1,3 thousand kilometers, while it is possible to monitor their flight and calculate their final target;

  • § detect enemy equipment at a great distance both on the ground and in the air;

  • § carry out high-quality navigation at any time of the day or night;

  • § signal a possible enemy missile attack towards the fighter;

  • § to efficiently calculate the location of enemy artillery firing points;

  • § Perform accurate missile launches at aircraft that fly behind the F-35.

 

Besides the above systems and advantages drive has been established a plurality of computing systems. For MADL transmission system has been installed, which can operate over a wide range. This system has many tools that can protect it from enemy interference noise, and protection from interception rate.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

A special feature of the layout of the aircraft is the pilot's helmet, which is equipped with a multitude of functions. The helmet for the F-35 is designated HMDS, it allows the pilot to look through the walls of the aircraft itself. This effect is obtained due to the multitude of cameras installed on board, which are interfaced with a helmet. It allows the pilot to make a survey as if the aircraft does not exist at all. This equipment was developed in the UK for the F-35 bomber. Currently, there is only one helmet of this design, but for its manufacture is taken by an Israeli company with the support of the American firm Rockwell Collins. In the plans of manufacturers to equip with these helmets all aircraft type F-35 from 2016 year.

The power plant is represented by the F135 type engine, which was developed by Pratt & Whitney with the support of Rolls-Royce Defense. According to the manufacturers, this power plant allows the aircraft to withstand an overload of 9 g. This engine equips the car with a capacity of 13 thousand kgf, and in afterburner mode 19,5 thousand kgf. The service life of this motor reaches 4 thousand flight hours.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

Plane F-35 has enough powerful weapons, which allows to carry out military operations with great efficiency. The structure of weapons includes missiles of air-land with the designation of AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles and AIM-120 AMRAAM. Also it has a winged fighter type Storm Shadow missiles. The greatest power of weapons possessed class JDAM bombs that weighed 910 kilos. The composition of the bomb loads were included guided bombs AGM-154. To destroy enemy ground vehicles used anti-tank missiles.

At this time there is a development of missiles to destroy water bodies. For aircraft F-35 firm General Dynamics has produced a large-caliber gun chetyrehstvolnuyu with the designation GAU-22 / A. A feature of the device is the ability to launch missiles and bombs while flying at supersonic speed. The manufacturers of this equipment are planning to develop a system that will produce from the aircraft launch nuclear missiles V61 type.

 

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II photo

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II photo

Work on the creation of a new fighter was carried out at the Boeing and Lockheed-Martin firms. The fighter is produced in three versions: CTOL (for BBC), CV (BMC), STOVL (short takeoff and vertical landing).

 

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II tactics

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II photo

JSF fighter flight characteristics do not differ from the characteristics of the aircraft of this class, standing on top of the world armed to the beginning of the XXI century., However, the latest on-board notation, installed on the aircraft, will provide a distinct advantage in combat aircraft before the enemy.

 

New F-35. Upgrading fighter to F-35A, F-35B, A-35Cs.

 

Tactical fighter F-35 Cs test flights resumed after a break caused by emergencies occurred in the tests conducted on the US aircraft carrier "Nimitz". Resumed flight program that runs under the control of the US Navy for a new generation of fighters.

Underway testing of takeoffs and landings from the deck of an aircraft carrier with the ability to achieve the best results of all systems and the safe operation of aircraft and carrier services.

A program to create a new 5th generation fighter, worth about $ 400 billion, was put on hold after the Pratt & Whitney F-35 engine caught fire. Due to problems with engine systems, the debut of the F-35 in the UK at the annual aviation show was postponed, the test flight schedule was disrupted with a lag of 45 days. Complications with the F-35 engines have exacerbated the competition for the purchase of US Navy fighters. Some experts are in favor of purchasing a Boeing F / A-18E / Fs fighter for the US Navy as a carrier-based fighter based on aircraft carriers.

US Air Force plans to prepare the aircraft group consisting of 12-24 2016 aircraft by August, completely ready to perform tactical missions.

F-35 1F-35 2

The company Lockheed Martin offers to implement F-35 plane, discount for international partners who are willing to participate in financing the project. The company plans to realize 750 aircraft, including 612 units in the country: the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, Turkey, Canada, Japan, Israel and South Korea. The preliminary price of F-35 80-fighter is 85 million. Dollars from the beginning of the main supplies in 2019 year.

The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning 2 is a model range of single-seat fighter equipped with an 1 engine, designed for all-weather flights and various tactical missions. The aircraft belongs to the 5 generation models and capable of performing the functions of attack aircraft, reconnaissance of enemy air defense systems and data collection on the conduct of hostilities.

 

Developed three basic models:

  • F-35A, with a standard takeoff and landing (CTOL);

  • F-35B, short takeoff and landing (CA);

  • A-35Cs combat aircraft based Catobar (CF).

The aircraft was designed and built by Lockheed Martin, with active contributions from Northrop Grumman, Pratt & Whitney and BAE Systems.

The first flight took place in December 15 2006 years. The Ministry of Defence plans to acquire 2443 aircraft F-35 for the US Air Force, Marine Corps and the US Navy. rearmament program of the US armed forces is designed to 2037 years.

 

F-35 4F-35 3

 

F-35 was developed by the JSF program to replace models in the US Armed Forces F-16, A-10, F / A-18 and AV-8B tactical fighters.

US Navy intends to buy 480 F-35Cs, US Marine Corps, a total of 80 units of F-35Cs.

 

Characteristics Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II:



Modification   F-35A
Wingspan, m   10.70
Length m   15.67
Height   4.33
Wing area, m2   42.70
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   13300
  normal takeoff   20100
  maximum take-off   31800
Domestic fuel, kg   8382
engine's type   1 TRDDF Pratt Whitney F135
Thrust, kN  
  maximum   X 1 111
  afterburner   1 x 178 +
Maximum speed km / h   2065 (M = 1.67)
Maximum cruising speed, km / h   (M = 1.5)
Practical range, km   2200
Combat range, km   1100
Practical ceiling, m   18288
Max. operation overload   9
Crew   1
Armament: 20-mm six-barreled gun (optional)
combat load - 5000 kg
In stealth mode - 2h 450-2 kg bombs and SD air-to-air AIM-120C AMRAAMS. The congestion - 2h 900-4 kg bombs and SD in 2 weapon bays.
In the normal mode is used 8 weapon hardpoints

 

 

 

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