MiG-AT - Russian jet training aircraft built Mikoyan design bureau. The development of this device was intended to replace the Czech aircraft L-39 and "Aero L-29» in the Russian Air Force units.


However, in the competition for the allocation of funds won Yak-130, proposed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Production was planned to set up the export, but did not find customers abroad to 2010 year, work on the development of the MiG-AT stopped.


At the beginning of 2013 years at the Moscow plant operated production plant, which was planned to build the first test batch and equipment for the MiG-AT. With the resumption of funding for the program can continue assembly of the aircraft.


History MiG-AT


In the middle of 1989, before leading design bureaus of the USSR there was a task to create long-term training aircraft. In the early 1991, the competition was held on the most appropriate design of such a device. The requirements that were put forward before the designers:

  • provide a high level of safety of flight, including the implementation of landings at higher speeds;

  • TCB should be universal: training and training of pilots could be carried out at each stage of training of flight personnel, including initial training courses and advanced training;

  • the ability to implement a comprehensive pilot training. Flights to TCB should alternate with classroom training, on the ground simulators. On the basis of CF in the future must be built training facility (UTC);

  • the ability to use TCB to study different types of pilots. This can be achieved by reprogramming the engine control and the aircraft, allowing the aircraft will be able to carry out a flight simulation with varying degrees of static longitudinal stability, different throttle response and engine thrust-weight ratio;

  • the aircraft must be equipped with modern information display systems, which were similar to the indicator system of combat aircraft promising;

  • ease of ground handling and operation, low fuel consumption;

  • the ability to resupply weapons systems that basically demanded foreign customers;

  • the ability to modify the aircraft to full versions of combat, that the composition of weapons and sighting system can be correlated with attack aircraft, fighter-bombers and fighters the Air Force.


The project by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. AI Mikoyan was the name of the factory «821». The competition in December 1991 year it submitted a complete management system without boosters, and it does not contribute to a number of automatic modes, including the implementation of the automatic landing, taking the unit from dangerous heights. Therefore, it was decided to move to a booster irreversible management system, through which, to some extent resolved the question of reprogramming characteristics. Among the objects of training ground we decided to limit simple machines.


In March 1996 was held the first flight of the prototype of the MiG-AT running RP Taskaeva. This sample was equipped with French avionics and engines. Compared with the preliminary design mass of the unit increased by 260 kg decreased the wing area. Stabilizer moved to the bottom of the keel, thus removing the ventral ridge in the rear.


The second prototype was completed with Russian avionics and raised in the air in the autumn of 1997 years. Until that time, the first airplane was made about 300 flights.


For the first time in the history of Russian aircraft in flight g 1999 equipped with digital wire control system. Through its implementation failed to improve handling characteristics and controllability of the aircraft.


Since full funding by the Government of the Russian Federation no employees MiG forced to seek investors and customers abroad, showing the MiG-AT at various exhibitions and air shows.


Design MiG-AT


MiG-AT is a twin-engine, all-metal nizkoplan standard aerodynamic configuration with tricycle landing gear support. On the wing installed automatically rejects three-section slats, three-position double-slotted flaps and ailerons single-section.


The fuselage is made of semi-monocoque type with an oval cross-section. The forward fuselage takes cabin crew compartment REO niche nose landing gear.


The K-93 catapulted seats are located in the cockpit of the tandem type, the rear seat is located above the front seat for 40 see. Behind the cab are the compartments with aircraft equipment and fuel fuselage tanks. On the side of the fuselage, engine gondolas were placed. In the rear part there are 2 brake flaps. The central section of the fuselage is mainly occupied by a fuel tank, over which are placed the blocks responsible for weapons control, the navigation inertial system "Totem 200", an integrated control system. Also here is a satellite navigation antenna and radio communication equipment.

MiG-AT scheme

The tail section is made with the keel. At its core is a power structure with nodes fixing engines. End of the tail section are 2 brake panel located under the rudder. The inside of this section is filled with elements of the hydraulic system of the aircraft. The instrument section of the tail section is an analog tape recorder.


Material plane - this is mainly an aluminum alloy. The stabilizer, elevators and direction, the central keel section, channels air intakes, wing landing gear sandwich, have a honeycomb filling and carbon-fiber trim. On the same principle, but with a shell made of fiberglass bow sash bearing, wing hatches, panels nacelles and electronic equipment. The primary structure of fixing the motors and brake flaps are also used titanium alloys.


The MiG-AT has received single-fin and tailplane sredneraspolozhennoe horizontal tail. The stabilizer fin and received trapezoidal. Simplex rudders and height are equipped with trimmers.


Chassis tricycle from the aircraft, relying on the bow rack. Main bearings telescopic type have single wheel size 66 20's see, cleaning takes place in the wing niches. Polurychazhnogo nose wheel type equipped with single wheel having the dimensions x 50 15 see. Landing gear has an oil-air cushioning.


Modifications MiG-AT

  • MiG-ATB - export version of shock light fighter;

  • MiG-APR - academic version of operating in Russia;

  • MiG-ATF - training export version, equipped with French avionics and engines.


MiG-AT features:

Modification   MiG-AT
Wingspan, m   10.16
Aircraft Length m   12.01
Height, m   4.62
Wing area, m2   17.67
Weight, kg  
  normal takeoff   5210
  maximum take-off   7000
  fuel   1680
engine's type   2 TRD SNECMA Larzak 04-R20
Thrust, kgf   X 2 1450
Maximum speed km / h   850 (M = 0.8)
Ferry range, km   2000
Practical range, km   1200
Rate of climb, m / min   4800
Practical ceiling, m   15500
Max. operation overload   8
Crew   2
Armament:   2000 kg combat load on 7 suspension units:
  Container with 20-mm gun
  2 PU NUR or 2 light bombs
  2 air-to-air

Way MiG-AT largely repeats the fate of all Mikoyanovsky machines recently. Created at the behest of the time, meets all the requirements of the customer, the aircraft at the final stage of decision-making "to be or not to be" is unnecessary. Here's a "black stripe" in life "MiG" and their designers.
2002 year was a turning point (let's hope not fatal) for the MiG-AT. In competition with the "MiG" won the tender for the best training aircraft for the Russian Air Force was recognized as the Yak-130. However, in violation of the procedures, but it is few people paid attention - the customer something military. The decision is very surprising, because on the eve of the French side of the project, it was reported on the inclusion of the MiG-AT in the government program for the development of weapons for the next year. And CF, created in full compliance with domestic TK, was recommended for exploring the benefit of a foreign customer.
What is it that the aircraft needed to replace the L-39 - trainer "MiG" or military training "Yak"? The concept of training the machine is supposed basic learning process, and as a result, ensure a high level of security, the use of the aircraft at all stages of preparation - from beginner to "advanced". Equally important were also reducing the cost of flight hours, ease of maintenance and operation. All these requirements are not satisfied the winner «130», as an outsider, "AT".
After a while the military itself acknowledged that the Yak-130 intended does not like the L-39, and the high cost of "Yak" limited mass production. But the most absurd thing was that for flight training on «130» required starting piston airplane!
Meanwhile, the MiG-AT is waiting for its customers and slowly aging.