Mark ANT-1-22
Mark ANT-1-22

Tupolev aircraft Mk-1 (ANT-22). Photo. Story. Characteristics.


Mk-1 (ANT-22) - plane the boat, which first took to the skies in 1934 year.

History Mk-1 (ANT-22)

MK-1 became the third flying boat, designed and built in TsAGI. Prior to its appearance, a similar type of construction had the planes MDR-2 and MDR-4. Work on the design task team designer II. Pogossky, which in 1933 became a separate team of TsAGI. It was planned to create an aircraft that could make naval reconnaissance in remote areas, accompany the fleet, and bombard enemy bases and structures. On the shoulders of the new machine it was planned to hang not only the fulfillment of these tasks, but also those that were carried out by bombers, torpedo bombers and scouts of that time. A two-row design scheme was chosen, which provided for transportation of large-sized loads, such as torpedo boats and small submarines.

Design Mk-1 (ANT-22)

Housing ANT-22 was completely made of metal cladding and tail wings - corrugated.

Wing cantilever, chetyrehlonzheronnoe. Boats which had a width of up to 2,5 meters, gave the aircraft the necessary seakeeping and a good indicator of lateral stability.

Mark ANT-1-22

At the center-top special pylons were three engine M-34. The structure of the power plant also included two-bladed wooden propellers diameter of 4,2 m. Drawing screws are a common step - 3,35 m pushing - 3, 96 m. The total capacity of the power plant is 4950 hp Fuel is placed in four tanks, total capacity of which amounted to 9500 liter capacity oil tanks - 1530 l.

Crew Mk-1 (ANT-22)

The flight crew consisted of four people: two pilots, the captain and navigator. Total crew-boats was 10-12 people. The central nacelle equipped room for two pilots, a navigator and a flight engineer. It was fixed on the axis of symmetry in the center section of the wing. Gondola crew did a two-step, to provide a good overview of the engines during flight. Mechanic was located on the upper level, the lower ranked cockpit. Top cabin hatch was a mechanic, otdrait who could gain access to the motors of the plane.

The right and left of the boat equipped to contain six shooters. Also, place the front of the arrow on the right boat located the cabin radio operator. He dealt with the radio station CPM-1, which can transmit and receive radio data from up to 350 km. The center section was a place mechanic who serviced the engines, and a toilet for the crew.

Mark ANT-1-22

Housing boats smoothly into the vertical tail. Its lower part is connected to the fixed narrow stabilizer, and the top - mobile, which is fitted a canvas.

weaponry Mk-1 (ANT-22)

Artillery and small arms were placed in boats. The boat left sequentially installed shielded turret: Bow - gun ShKAS, rear - cannon 20 mm aft - coaxial machine gun YES-2. In the right boat took a nose turret gun "Oerlikon" back - gun ShKAS, feed - Spark YES-2. Ammunition was two guns 600 shells, and all the guns - 14 thousand. Cartridges.

The aircraft can carry on board so 6000 kg or four bombs weighing up to 4800 aviatorpedy kg. Aerial bombs were located in eight bomb bay, which had a height of 1,4 m. Cassette holders CD -2 used for bombs, mass was 100 kilograms or more. Suspended bomb (6 pcs. Kg of 1000, 12 pcs. Of 500 20 kg or pcs. Of 250 kg) or torpedoes (4 pcs. Of 1200 kg) held on the external sling beamed holders.

Mk-1 (ANT-22) characteristics:

Modification   MK-1
Wingspan, m   51.60
Length m   24.10
Height, m   6.36
Wing area, m2   304.5
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   22340
  normal takeoff   33560
engine's type   6 PD M-34P
Power, hp   X 6 830
Maximum speed km / h  
  near the ground   205
  on high   223
Cruising speed, km / h   187
Practical range, km   1300
The maximum rate of climb, m / min   48
Practical ceiling, m   2250
Crew   6
Armament:   In the left boat, shielded turrets were successively installed: the bow with the ShKAS machine gun, the rear (behind the wing) with the 20-mm gun and the stern (behind the vertical tail) with a paired 7.62-mm DA-2 machine gun. The bow turret of the right boat had an Olikon 20-mm cannon, the rear - 7.62-mm ShKAS machine gun and aft - a pair of YES-2. The maximum ammunition of two guns consisted of 600 shells, and all onboard machine guns - 14000 cartridges.
 Bomber armament - suspension up to 6000 kg bombs or four aircraft torpedoes with a total mass up to 4800 kg.
 The bombs were placed inside the interplanar wing center section, the thickness of which allowed to equip it with eight bomb compartments with cluster holders for 32 bombs weighing 100 kg, and outside - on beam holders designed for suspension or six bombs weighing 1000 kg or four torpedoes weight 1200 kg.



To be honest, when I saw this plane, I was surprised. I was very interested in what this plane boat. This aircraft as it is made of two identical planes. It is very interesting. The fact that there were two boats, gave a big plus - is stability, which in the main plane. But how long to linger on the appearance, I do not want to.
I want to share their experiences at the expense of performance. In fact, the aircraft is very powerful. With that, he dvuhlodochny it accelerates the rate of 187 km / h. To him fly a normal weight should be 33000 kg.
More I was very interested in weapons that stood on it. Not only in what flying machines of the time (1934-1937) can be seen at once three machine gun and two guns. This is a very interesting and entertaining, because it could lead continuous fight between the enemy. Follow this purpose, and immediately control the plane could in fact, the crew is made up of 6 people.
In my opinion, the aircraft is very good, as is well-armed, high range and accuracy, and even rate, and for those hard times it was very good. He had a small height, but the width of the range and is particularly large.

Oh yes, not a bad plane. Made by catamaran scheme. The explanatory apparatus. Kind of like was the largest seaplane. True fly long (((and very popular and have not got, but still could get a good boatman.

I do not know ... I do not much like the MC. If you believe the stories in the practice of international maritime aircraft vehicles, two boats, or when not used very popular. After reading a lot of thematic manuals, I realized that most of it was about the problematic issues of seaworthiness and hydraulics. As often mentioned an urgent need to strengthen the structure. Oh ... well, it was a lot of good reasons for a big "NO" to the project. Although the machine itself is impressive.