North American BT-9 / -14 / «Yal» I. Photo. Characteristics.
North American BT-9 / -14 / «Yal» I. Photo. Characteristics.

North American BT-9 / -14 / «Yal» I. Photo. Characteristics.


A type: Single-engine training aircraft

Crew: Two pilots are arranged one behind the other

The plane Tu-9 was a modification of the training aircraft NA-16 own development of "North American" "Yal» (North American Aviation NAA - North American Aviation) for the US Air Force. The first flight of the prototype made in April 1935 years. Plane NA-16 demonstrated flight performance nearly equal to front-line combat aircraft to the US Air Force at the time. He was immediately ordered into production under the designation BT-9, 1936 in April, the US Air Force received the first copy.

In total, 226 aircraft BT-9 were delivered in three versions (models A, B and C). At the same time, the US Navy received 40 N0-1 aircraft equipped with R-1340 star engine "Wasp" (Wasp) of Pratt-Whitney company with the capacity of 600 l. from. (447 kW) instead of 400-strong R-975-7 (298 kW) of the same company. Then NAA produced a BT-14 aircraft that had a fuselage with a metal cladding instead of a liner and a more powerful R-985 engine from the company "Wright" with an output of 450 liters. from. (336 kW). For the US Air Force, approximately 250 aircraft were built, and export orders for this training aircraft from several countries were received, including France, which bought 230 aircraft (under the designation NA-57).

North American BT-9

When France fell under the blows of Germany, about 119 undelivered aircraft were purchased by Canadians and handed over to Britain under the designation "Yal» (Yale) I. Several aircraft Tu-9 / -14 and "Yal» I still fly in North America, their nonretractable Chassis is a clear hallmark.

Basic data:


  • Length: 8,39 m

  • Wingspan: 12,8 m

  • Height: 4,13 m

Powerplant: R-975-7 (on the modification of Tu-9) and R-985-11 (on the modification of Tu-14) of "Wright" Power: 400 l. from. (298 kW) and 450 l. from. (336 kW), respectively

The weight:

  • BLANK: 1500 kg

  • Maximum take-off: 2030 kg

Date of first flight:

  • April 1935 years

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 274 km / h
  • Range: 1420 km

The surviving airworthy modifications:

  • BT-9, BT-14 and "Yal» I

Aircraft of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), the stored aircraft "Yal» I just one of the few still flying in Canada.