JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"
JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

KAPO (Kazan Production Aviation Association named after S. P. Gorbunov) is one of the largest enterprises of the aviation industry of the Russian Federation.

It is located at the streets of Academician Pavlov and Maksimov in the eastern part of the region of the Aircraft Settlement of the Karavaevo microdistrict of the city of Kazan. It has a factory airfield "Borisoglebsk", also located nearby within the city.

Manufactures civil and military aircraft, and also consumer goods.

Together with the nearby KMPO OJSC, they are among the enterprises forming the district.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

History of the plant

Plant No. 124 and. Ordzhonikidze Sergo

In 1932, the construction of a plant inside the Kazan-built “Kazmashstroy” (aviation plant) was started, which received the name “Plant No. 1934 named after Kh. Ordzhonikidze Sergo.

In the 1934 — 1936 years (period of formation) the following were manufactured at the factory: the six-engine ANT-20bis (MG-bis, PS-124) the world's largest aircraft at that time; the aircraft, which participated in the all-Union flight of training and sports aircraft KAI-1; DB-A Bolkhovitinov V.F. design bombers (a pair of speed records, payload records and flight altitude records were set on them).

In 1937, work began on preparing for the serial production of the first heavy-speed bomber TB-7 (Pe-8) in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which was produced in just a few years (a total of 93 aircraft was created). On these planes, the first bombardment of Berlin was carried out in 1941, and the diplomatic Soviet delegation flew to the United States of America in 1942.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

In 1940, preparations began for the production of the Li-2 / PS-84 passenger aircraft under a license acquired from the Douglas company of America (ten cars were produced).

At the beginning of World War II, the plant is actively engaged in the production of Pe-2, dive bomber.

Kazan Aviation Plant number 22 them. Gorbunova S.P.

14.05.1927 issued a Resolution of the Council of Defense and Labor of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the establishment of an aircraft factory in Moscow. He was named after S.P. Gorbunov, plant manager, who died in a plane crash in 1933. The plant was awarded the Order of Lenin in the same year.

In October - November 1941, the Moscow Aviation Plant No. 22 named after them .. Gorbunova S. P ”was evacuated to Kazan to the place“ Plant No. 124 named after. Ordzhonikidze Sergo. By order of the People's Commissariat of the aviation industry of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in December 1941, the new enterprise was given the official name - Kazan Aviation Plant No. 22. S. P. Gorbunova.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

It was put into operation in a short time arrived arranged production equipment and military equipment. The number of employees was about 30 thousand.

During World War II

The emergence of qualified experts provided an opportunity to solve the problem trudoresursov that existed before the war in the factory.

The plant was technically completely reequipped: shops for hot stamps, cold stamping, molds, machine tools, and tool shops were built. The preliminary production service was reorganized.

1942 year: it became a turning point in the development of the plant, the production volume increased eightfold compared to 1940 year (the period before the war). Maximum production volumes were achieved in the 1944 year (more than 1100 percent). Later the growth rates were as high.

Every twenty-four hours, ten to twelve Pe-2 aircraft went off the plant's platforms (more than ten thousand aircraft were produced). To send Pe-2 airplanes to the front, the 221-th separate separate regiment of the air forces of the workers 'and peasants' Red Army was settled at the plant.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

For the exemplary execution of government orders in September 1945, the plant was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the Red Flag of the State Defense Committee of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was transferred to the plant for permanent storage.

A significant result of the restructuring during the war began to increase in productivity and a sharp increase in the technical level.

In the years after the war

In the second half of 1945, in accordance with peacetime conditions, the scale of production at the plant began to decrease to a large extent.

At the end of 1945, the construction of a heavy long-range Tu-4 bomber began, which, by its own technical, tactical and structural-technical parameters, largely prevailed over previously produced aircraft.

A major restructuring of the plant was made: three workshops were built (including template-plazas), seven tool and mechanical and six aggregate workshops were converted, new production lines were commissioned. Production was equipped with new highly specialized equipment, templates, accessories, new technological processes were put into operation: honing, arc multilayer welding of chassis cylinders, bronze casting, and so on.

In 1947, the mass production of the Tu-4 bomber began, the company became the main manufacturer of these aircraft.

The 03.081947 three production aircraft Tu-4 and the passenger version of the aircraft Tu-70 participated along with other aircraft in Tushino in the aviation parade.

In 1951, the hangar was put into operation for the final development of the aircraft right at the airport, the flight test station, and a special workshop for the production of radar ground equipment was launched.

In 1952, the production of the Tu-4 aircraft was discontinued (655 planes were released in total) and the plant began to master the production of the Tu-16 long-range bomber-carrying bomber, unique in its technical and flight characteristics.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

The technologies have been significantly improved: for the first time, the processing of large-sized electronic casting (hatches, lanterns), new milling techniques, press group riveting, and the production of hermetic devices were put into operation. Mechanical processing of the openings of the connectors of devices and butt surfaces, paneling were introduced, specialized plazas for the production of electrical cables were developed, installation of communications of systems using devices connected to plazas was mastered, and so on.

During the period of production of the Tu-16 aircraft, 799 aircraft produced more than ten different variations (one of the biggest modifications was the Tu-104B, a passenger aircraft - about 100 aircraft were produced in total). The planes were sold to Indonesia, China, Iraq, Egypt. In 1963, the serial production of the Tu-16 aircraft was completed.

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

The plant in 1957 — 1962 significantly increased power (by eighteen percent of fixed assets, by thirteen percent of equipment, by eight percent of floor space), which reduced the time needed to create a new generation of aircraft — the Tu-22 supersonic long-range bomber. A new airstrip was built to test it on the factory premises. In the 1961 year, three Tu-22 aircraft lured part in the Tushino aviation parade. In 1962, the aircraft was put into service (in total, more than 300 aircraft were launched, including for export to Libya and Iraq).

JSC "Kazan Aircraft Production Association"

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