"Breakthrough" helicopter technologies
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"Breakthrough" helicopter technologies

"Breakthrough" helicopter technologies

Russian Helicopters presented the latest high-speed blade for combat helicopters  

The speed of the Mi-28 and Mi-35 helicopters will be increased to 400 kilometers per hour. The new composite blades presented at the Army-2020 forum will increase the speed of the Mi-28 and Mi-35 attack helicopters to 400 kilometers per hour. Now the maximum speed of helicopters is about 300 kilometers per hour. The blades are undergoing flight tests ”(Mi-28NM 25.08.2020 Rossiyskaya Gazeta).

That's really really: "there would be a collar, but there will be a horse." There would be a high-speed blade, but you can put it on old helicopters and then they will fly ... especially the Mi-28?

With such and such a frontal resistance, a true helicopter pilot will not stutter about a speed of 400 km / h. These dreams are only in the heads of "effective" managers due to their aviation ignorance.

Above, it is shown how strongly the oncoming traffic slows down the old car, which is the same about the Mi-28 in the hope that visually for the aviation "cooks" it will be easier to understand the words: "frontal resistance".

General Designer S.V. Mikheev: “Another problem of increasing helicopter flight speed is associated with a decrease in the effectiveness of the main rotor as a means of propulsive power. At speeds over 350 km / h, there is a significant drop in the "propulsion" efficiency of the main rotor.

In addition to the listed "physical" limitations, there are a number of design obstacles. For example, creating a support system capable of deflecting the resultant propeller force to create a propulsive force at angles greater than 20 ° in an acceptable size is a very challenging design challenge. " (Sergey Mikheev: on a helicopter with a rigid main rotor - to "airplane speeds").

Amazing confidence in the speed of the Mi-28 with such blades, even if the aerodynamic Mi-24LL on a high-speed rotor could only achieve such a speed in the language of A. Boginsky:

"During the tests, the flying laboratory based on the Mi-24 helicopter, equipped with a set of new blades, reached a speed of more than 400 km / h without making any circuit changes to the helicopter design. At the same time, we managed to maintain a low level of vibrations and loads, which indicates the high potential of this development ", - said the general director of the holding" Russian Helicopters "Andrey Boginsky ("Russian Helicopters" was presented at the forum ... news.rambler.ru ›).

And here is how the information on real achievements is presented:

“September 10, 2012 at the airport of JSC“ MVZ im. ML Mila "Mi-38 set a record for lifting commercial cargo of 1000 kg to an altitude of 8000 m. Crew: Alexander Klimov (crew commander), Salavat Sadriev (co-pilot), Sergei Seregin (navigator), Igor Klevantsev (chief engineer) ...

The record for lifting a load of 2000 kg to a height of 7020 m. Crew: Salavat Sadriev (crew commander), Vladimir Kutanin (co-pilot), Sergei Seregin (navigator), Nikolai Soloviev (chief engineer).

By the way, such blades were created long ago at the Kamov Design Bureau, which is clearly seen in this Ka-92 image.

"The tips of the blades have a special shape - this is how we offset the negative consequences of approaching the speed of sound." (Sergey Mikheev: on a helicopter with a rigid rotor ... plam.ru ›2009_08_09 /).

From this it is not difficult to guess that the exhibition blade is a breakthrough not at all in the speed of helicopters, but in the state treasury, when big money is spent on unnecessary modernization of junk. Apparently, to the evil of Russia, because it has long had designs of real modern helicopters Ka-92 and Ka-102: “Here's a fat fig for Russian pilots, not high-speed helicopters! Only after the Americans !!! "

Is the legendary Mi-24 in a real war?

“On the presented video frames, you can see how the Mi-24 helicopter of the Azerbaijani Air Force is flying at an ultra-low altitude, apparently trying to hide from the NKR and Armenian air defense systems, after which it gains altitude and launches several missiles towards Nagorno-Karabakh, and again“ dives ". According to sources, four Mi-24 combat helicopters took part in such strikes ...

Experts, in turn, draw attention to the fact that Azerbaijani combat helicopters strike almost blindly, which makes them extremely ineffective, however, due to the large number of air defense systems located in the territory of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, the Azerbaijani Air Force would simply do something can not" (Avia.pro).

Our ingenious designer S.V. Mikheev foresaw the low efficiency of such flights back in the last century and believed that combat helicopters should receive information from the flying command post in the form of an encrypted signal in the course of flight, so that from a low level flight and when climbing to 150- The 200m crew could aim missile launches, and not just towards the alleged enemy.

And this is how it was in Chechnya

"Horror of unexpected strikes" from Ka-50 helicopters.

“But the biggest impression from the work of the“ sharks ”in Chechnya was the new combat tactics. Even the finest helicopter is vulnerable. And to shoot down the same "shark" will not be difficult. But this is if you follow the instructions written back in the middle of the last century and fly right over the battlefield. But according to the new tactics, attack helicopters patrol in a safe area, waiting for a command to attack. Having received target designation, they quickly go into the attack area, deliver a sniper strike - and immediately leave the battle zone.

But who is aiming the latest rotorcraft on target? Previously, this was done by ground observers on the radio. Today it is dangerous: the militants are equipped with state-of-the-art radio interception systems. Having overheard the gunner's negotiations with the helicopters, they either elude the attack or destroy the helicopter with well-aimed fire.

But the Ka-50 in Chechnya became a sheer horror for the bandits. After all, his strikes were directed not from the ground or by voice, but from a flying command post-helicopter, and in the form of coded digital signals. The bandits could not intercept and decipher these signals, and therefore the blows fell on them like a bolt from the blue. The flying command post should be equipped with the most modern surveillance systems, receive additional information from satellites, from AWACS aircraft and from ground-based aircraft controllers, also associated with aerospace reconnaissance systems.

... A group of three helicopters acted as a single combat organism. The air observation and target designation point - Ka-29VPNTs - flew at an altitude unattainable for portable Igla-type anti-aircraft missile systems. He kept a closed telecode communication with the "sharks". On the display screens of the Ka-50, all information about the location, terrain, coordinates of targets was displayed. The Ka-50 was equipped with the domestic satellite navigation system "Abris", which made it possible to fly on a digital terrain map with a rounding of the terrain virtually blindly and reach the target with an accuracy of several meters ("Crocodiles" against "Sharks". Ufo-online.ru)

"And nothing has changed!"

This is understandable: where the helicopters come from - from there and the method of combat, because modern tactics also require modern helicopters, the projects of which are cynically frozen by the heads of the Russian Helicopters holding, replacing them with useless modernizations of the antediluvian Mi. Fighters have been flying at supersonic speeds for a long time, and missiles are already hypersonic, and only our helicopters are strenuously held back by the government within a speed limit of ~ 300k / h. The current state of military helicopter technology is somewhat reminiscent of the amusing regiments of Tsarevich Peter. Moreover, under the beautiful pretext of "optimization" the world's best helicopter design bureau Kamov was virtually destroyed!

And then: another "technological breakthrough", but this time - a serious one:

Mi-171A3: a new conqueror of the shelf.

“It is rather difficult to find an alternative to helicopters on the shelf - amphibious aircraft are afraid of big waves, and ships are too slow. In addition, they will not pass in case of difficult ice conditions. Today, over a third of all offshore operations are performed using rotary-wing aircraft. According to Andrey Boginsky, General Director of the Russian Helicopters holding, the first production Mi-171A3 will be delivered to the customer in 2022. ”

Here you can no longer say that it is the Mi-8, the nose of which is more similar to the Ka-92 and, in general, is an aerodynamic helicopter that leaves a good impression. Launching such a helicopter 20 years ago would be a truly technological breakthrough. Although this product of a classic helicopter is of high quality, it looks pale after the Ka-32-10AG, significantly inferior to it both in carrying capacity and in flight safety, which was always expensive! But for “effective” managers, it seems to me, personal kickbacks are more important than the interests of the State. Otherwise, the Ka-32-10AG would have been working on the shelves for a long time, and the high-speed Ka-92 and Ka-102 would have already completed air tests and were preparing for serial production. In fact, it turns out that the Americans are deliberately given a head start in creating high-speed helicopters:

“October 15, 2020 The advanced multi-purpose high-speed helicopter SB> 1 Defiant, developed by a consortium of Sikorsky and Boeing, flew for the first time at two-thirds of the engine power. According to Flightglobal, the helicopter was able to accelerate to a speed of 211 knots (390,7 kilometers per hour).

The helicopter developers tested the machine at two-thirds of the engine power in two stages. In the first phase, the helicopter flew in a straight line and was able to reach a speed of 211 knots. At the second stage, the car was tested in a decrease in the same way with the engine running at two-thirds of its power. At this stage, a speed of 232 knots (428,8 km / h) was reached. The tests were found to be successful.

According to the requirements of the American army, the new helicopter must carry 12 fully equipped infantrymen with a cruising speed of at least 230 knots (~ 430 km / h) for a range of at least 229 nautical miles (424 km)... (Military Review News).

Here it will not be superfluous to recall the chatter of three years ago from a "specialist" in helicopter construction:

“Andrey Boginsky, proving the uniqueness of the results obtained at the Mil Design Bureau, says that the X-2 is, in fact, an expensive toy that can find very limited use. Since the maximum take-off weight of the X2 is 3,6 tons. The Russian flying laboratory exceeds these figures by 4 times. That is, we are talking about the developments in technologies for building a powerful multi-purpose helicopter that will be able to solve strike missions. "

At the moment, this "expensive toy" has already outgrown the Mi-X1 and will weigh 13-14 tons, and its cruising speed will not be 270 km / h, but 430 km / h!

The very course of A. Boginsky's narrative is interesting in the substitution of truth: "Ka-92 and Mi-X1: Catch up and overtake Sikorsky." In reality, the opposite is true: thanks to the efforts of such aviation "specialists" as A. Mikheev, A. Boginsky and D. Manturov provided the designers of the Sikorsky with sufficient time not only to catch up, but also far overtake the Ka-92, explaining their sabotage to our pilots first lack of finances, and then, accustomed to impunity and without any explanation at all: “The project of a promising high-speed combat helicopter for the needs of the Russian Ministry of Defense will be implemented by the Mil design bureau. This was announced by the general director of the Russian Helicopters holding Andrey Boginsky "(Technological breakthrough: the Ministry of Defense has chosen the developer of a promising Russian high-speed helicopter. November 23, 2018). 

They have been building the familiar Mi-38 transport helicopter for almost 40 years, and the high-speed Mi-X1 will be built even longer in the same manner: to show the models at all exhibitions and forums; predict a great future for him (although he is already outdated in the draft) and praise ourselves, assuring the Russians that this "high-speed" combat helicopter will soon go into production, and maybe even earlier ?!

Vitaly Belyaev, especially for Avia.pro

35 years ago Kamovtsy and Milevtsy were irreconcilable "allies. Nothing changes over time)))

It is a pity that Shaigu and Putin do not want to create a more modern helicopter of the KA-92 brand, etc., they only know how to chat (we created, in fact, we did not do anything for the development of the helicopter) Why modernize old helicopters like the Mi-8 (money down the drain) it's time for them to landfill for over 60 years. Mi helicopters are outdated.