P-500 UAV interceptor
P-500 UAV interceptor

P-500 UAV interceptor

With 1958 years was an active development "raketizatsii" because of this large number of domestic designers have worked on the development of new aircraft. It was during these years created the first interceptor type K-35 and Yak-35MV, E and T-150-37.

In mid-summer 1958, Mikoyan's design bureau received a new task to create a qualitatively new unmanned vehicle for interception. It became the device of R-500 class "earth-air". The main goal of the device was the destruction of enemy aircraft, which moved at high speed. In addition to the aircraft, the R-500 had to intercept the cruise missiles that were going along the oncoming or crossing course. In the calculations of designers it was stated that this apparatus should be able to conduct a qualitative interception at a distance of up to one thousand kilometers. The working altitude of the flight reached an index of 25-30 kilometers. It should be noted that this unmanned vehicle had high speed indicators, which reach 4700 km / h, and this at maneuvering speeds. The design was finalized by the end of 1960.

This device was to protect the large and strategic facilities. The whole complex consisted of several types of radar guidance systems, as well as the start of a series of devices P-500. As for the start, it could be both self-propelled and from fixed points. For permanent installation at the same time be able to use several of these interceptors, and self-propelled guns were equipped with only one drone.

The design of the device is made in the normal scheme of the aircraft, the wing is located high and has a triangular shape. The wings are thin and cut at the edges, are missing ailerons. In the rear is a stabilizer and a keel, they tselnopovorotnym. The stabilizer is made of a differential circuit. The plans of the designers was to create an unmanned interceptor F-500, which could hit targets at altitudes even 35 kilometers, while the management planned to use gas-dynamic type.

Drone-type P-500 had supersonic ramjet propulsion type WFD, he was suspended from the pylon fuselage machine. Also for acceleration at the start, we used two solid-propellant engine. These are power plants provide an initial take-off and acceleration to the speed of the machine M = 2, only then activated the main engine which provides maximum traction to lift to a height of 35 kilometers. For the interceptor were worked out different versions of the main engines on solid or liquid fuel, and combinations thereof.

Structure of the equipment P-500:

  • Autopilot.
  • Generator turbine type.
  • The system of identification.
  • Homing head.
  • Guidance station, which receives commands from the ground control station.
  • Blaster is not a contact type.

In order for the R-500 interceptor to capture the target, it must be coordinated using ground systems called "Ray" and "Voskhod-1". When the drone is operating, several phases of flight can be distinguished. In the first, he walks at an altitude of 15 kilometers and a speed of M = 3,5. When the target is captured by the GOS radio station, the device automatically rises to a height of 25 kilometers and accelerates to M = 4,3, only after these phases are passed a sharp jerk to high altitudes and speeds is performed, at which the attack occurs. It should be noted that the attack can be carried out both in a horizontal flight mode and from a dive at an object. The maximum flight time is 20 minutes.

Despite the amazing capabilities and excellent flight characteristics, the development of the R-500 was stopped in 1961 due to the lack of real targets for it, which could move at such high speeds and altitudes. 

UAV R-500 Kharkteristika:

Modification  P-500
Wingspan, m 6.06
Length m  11.77
Height, m  2.73
The diameter of the fuselage, m  0.95
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft  
maximum take-off  
engine's type DWP RD-085
Thrust, kgf X 1 10600
The maximum speed M 4.3
The flight duration, min 20
Practical ceiling, m 2500

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