RQ-5 Hunter
RQ-5 Hunter

RQ-5 Hunter

Specialists of IAI Malat Division in the interests of the ground forces of the United States of America together with their American counterparts from TRW Inc Avionics and Surveillance Group in the beginning of 90 created a tactical reconnaissance drones called "Hunter". The device is equipped with two piston engines, located in the rear and nose of the fuselage. This design solution allowed to achieve an increase in the reliability and power of the SS without the need to increase the drag. Landing and take-off of the glider are carried out using a non-retractable landing gear, and to reduce the take-off distance, gunpowder accelerators can be used.

After the tests, which took place in 1991, in association with the UAV Sky Owl firm "McDonnell Douglas" and created by the company IAI UAV Hunter in 1993 last year received orders from the Pentagon. But after three years 1995 summer UAV crashed, interest from the military to the Israeli drone has fallen dramatically, and in 1996, the contract was canceled - by the time the company managed to create already 56 devices. Although a bit later, the Americans have refused from their solutions.

In 1997, after the change of classification Hunter, previously denoted as the BQM-155, received the new designation RQ-5. In 1999, the UAV was tested in a combat situation - it was used in the conflict in the Balkans with a view to patrol the borders of Macedonia and Kosovo. In June, the data 2001 drone have been effectively involved in the operation to ensure that the wiring of the American army convoy through the dangerous area.

The RQ-5 Hunter had a modern forward-looking system, a laser target pointer, a television camera, a radar maintenance warning system and various communication equipment. The drone is launched from a separate platform using the RATO accelerator. The GCS-3000 Ground Control Station is controlled from the ground, which includes two operators, which is mounted in a truck.

The company "Northrop Grumman" in 2003 became the contractor for the program, which soon began to develop a version of the shock drone, called the MQ-5A, ammunition BAT planned to arm, who was better known in his other modernization Viper Strike. In Iraq, the beginning of 2005, two drone armed with a variety of Viper Strike munitions were sent deserved positive reviews.

The next member of the Hunter UAV family was the MQ-5B with an increased fuel reserve, an increased practical ceiling, and a wing with a large span, which made it possible to increase its flight range. The United States purchased eighteen MQ-5B UAVs, which proved to be excellent for combat use in Afghanistan. 

RQ-5 Hunter. Characteristics:

Modification   RQ-5
Wingspan, m   8.90
Length m   6.95
Height, m   1.65
Weight, kg  
  empty   540
  takeoff   726
  Fuel   178
engine's type   2 PD Moto-Guzzi
Thrust, kgf   X 2 64
Maximum speed km / h   204
Cruising speed, km / h   148
Radius of action, km   267
The duration of the flight, ch.min  
  from the base   8.00
  maximum   11.36
Practical ceiling, m   4575


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