Saab 2000
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Saab 2000

Saab 2000. Photo. Video. Driving salon. Characteristics. Reviews.

 

Saab 2000 is a Swedish passenger turboprop aircraft. Serially produced and developed by Saab. One of the fastest turboprop aircraft in the world, the cruising speed is about 665 kilometers per hour, comparable in speed with the turbojet versions. An extended version of the Saab 340.

Russian airline operates the flight.

 

SAAB 2000 view from below

 

SAAB used the S340 as the basis for the creation of a new fifty-seat turboprop high-speed airliner SAAB 2000. The program began with the first order on 15.12.1988 for twenty-five aircraft from the Crossair aviation company. The preliminary design of the SAAB 2000 was completed by the end of 1989. Different companies worked on Saab 2000.

CASA (Spain) designed and assembled the wings. The Finnish Valmet (Valmet) built completely the elevators and tail, and the English firm Westland (Westland) was responsible for the fuselage tail. To supply the cockpit, we chose a set of electronic aviation equipment Collins Proline (Collins Proline). The aircraft has a comparative silence in the cabin, which is achieved using a special noise reduction system. The aircraft cabin is designed for 105 passengers.

To boost sales (by introducing new methods rather than simply increasing production capacity), SAAB has introduced the concept of "use of secondary airfields". In other words, the company planned to build an aircraft that could fly at 665 km / h (360 nautical miles / h; 413 mph) over a distance of over 1852 km (1000 nautical miles; 1150 miles), which is comparable to the speed of a BAe 146 aircraft (Avro RJ). A rate of climb similar to a jet was guaranteed: 11 minutes - time to climb 20000 feet (6096m).

In the form of a power plant, it was intended to use a General Electric (General Electric) GE38 engine, or a Pratt & Whitney (Pratt-Whitney) PW300 turbofan engine. As a result, together with the aviation company Crossair, SAAB chose the Allison GMA 2100 turboprop engine, which rotated six-blade Dowty propellers with low noise levels. For the first time, metal cutting took place in February 1990 in Linkoping, and the first prototype took off on 26.03.1992/XNUMX/XNUMX.

 

SAAB 2000 Salon

SAAB 2000 Salon

 

The program checks the four airplanes started in the second instance (SE-002), who participated in the certification of handling and stability. The aircraft made a large number of flights in adverse weather conditions and at high temperatures, flew twice to Spain.

The first copy, built according to the standards of the aircraft in the series, became SE-003, with the help of which all systems were certified; the autopilot was checked in mid-1993. Functional reliability flight experiments were carried out on an aircraft (SE-004), they became part of the verification program, according to which the total flight time of all aircraft exceeded 1200 hours. All performance guaranteed by SAAB has been improved or confirmed.

The run and takeoff distances are reduced by 100-200 meters. The aircraft climbs 6 meters in less than eight minutes from the moment the wheels are released. To prove this, the SAAB 100 easily set the world record for the aircraft of its class for the rate of climb (it used to belong to the Grumman E-2000 and was ten minutes). The range and weight characteristics of the serial standard aircraft were even higher than expected. The set cruising speed at an altitude of 2 meters reached 8534 km / h, which exceeded the expected. When diving, the plane set a speed record of 665 km / h without negative influence. Since the cruising speed exceeds 794 km / h. The SAAB665 is one of the fastest turboprop aircraft in the world. The power plant includes two 2000-bladed Rolls-Royce AE6 engines.

In the cabin of the aircraft there are fifty passenger seats with an 2 + 1 layout and are equipped with an active noise suppression system, which consists of 36 acoustic radiators and 72 microphones. The distance between the rows of seats is 81 centimeter. International noise requirements are exceeded by 9,1 decibels. The company has created a unique anti-noise system, which took place on the SAAB 340 flight test aircraft. This system is equipped with a number of microphones that are installed behind the interior trim and catch noise, and then generate an opposite wave of identical length, which makes it possible to effectively "turn off" acoustic external vibrations and influences.

The company initially predicted that the market would need 1400 new 50- and 40-seat airliners by the end of the century and expected to sell 400 SAAB 2000s in this regard. Its customers were the aircraft companies Deutsche and Crossair VA.

 

SAAB 2000 scheme salon

SAAB 2000 scheme salon

 

Features Saab 2000:

 

Length: 27,28m.

Height: 24,09m.

Wingspan: 27,28m.

Wing area: 55,7kv.m.

Cruising speed: 685km / h.

Flight range (with LR tanks): 2035 km.

Ceiling: 9450m.

Payload: 5900kg.

Number of seats: 50mest.

Crew: 2cheloveka.

Empty weight: 13800kg.

Maximum takeoff weight: 22999kg.

Power plant: turboprop "Allison AE 2100A" (2 copies).

Link: 3096kVt.

Screw: six-bladed variable-pitch propeller.

Rate of climb: 11,4m / s.

 

Saab 340

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