Aircraft Piper J-3 Cub. Specifications. A photo
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Aircraft Piper J-3 Cub. Specifications. A photo

Aircraft Piper J-3 Cub. Specifications. A photo

 

Piper J-3 Cub is a small, lightweight single-engine multi-purpose aircraft, developed by Piper Aircraft Corporation at the end of 30-ies of the last century.

 

Photo Piper J-3 Cub

 

Development of the aircraft Piper J-3 Cub began in 1935 year, thus, before the American aircraft manufacturers was an important task, which consists not only in developing a reliable aircraft, but actually in the creation of multi-purpose aircraft, which could be used not only in some areas ( transportation of people and goods), and military aircraft, as well as a training aircraft, etc.

In 1938 year model Piper J-3 Cub was officially presented, and, practically plane immediately began to enjoy great success - this model could be used for the carriage of mail, as well as the surveillance of air that subsequently interested in the Air Force in purchase such aircraft.

 

Piper J-3 Cub photo

 

Regardless of the modification, of which there were more than a dozen of production in just 9 years, the aircraft was equipped with a low-power power plant - the Continental A-40 piston engine (basic production version) allowed to develop power of only 37 hp, however, despite for this, the speed of the aircraft was set within 125 km / h (the maximum flight speed of the basic version of the aircraft).

The Piper J-3 Cub aircraft can accommodate only two people - a pilot and a passenger, but despite this, the aircraft was actively popular - over 20 thousand of these aircraft were built in a fairly short production period (including all modifications).

 

Piper J-3 Cub

 

In July 1938 years, it was presented just three additional modifications:

  • Piper J-3C40 Cub (promoted a number of minor changes);
  • Piper J-3C50 Cub (the engine is installed in 50 hp);
  • Piper J-3C50S Cub (used float chassis).

 

In 1938 were presented models of Piper J-3F50 Cub and Piper J-3F50S Cub, which was used by the new engine Franklin 4AC-150 Series 50 50 power in hp, and the main difference between the two versions was the presence in the Piper J-3F50S model Cub float chassis.

In May 1939, Piper Aircraft engineers decided to switch to the operation of Lycoming engines, in connection with which such models as the Piper J3L Cub appeared (Lycoming O-145-A2 \ A3 piston engine with power from 50 hp to 65 hp). pp.), Piper J3L-S Cub (piston engine Lycoming O-145-A2 \ A3 with power from 50 HP to 65 HP and float chassis), as well as versions of Piper J3L-65 Cub and Piper J3L- 65S Cub, powered by Lycoming O-145-B1 engines (65 hp) and differing only in the type of chassis used.

 

Cabin Piper J-3 Cub

 

In 1939 and 1940 years, a series of modifications has been made, in view of which there are versions of the aircraft, such as:

  • Piper J-3C65 Cub (uses a new engine capacity of up to 65 90 hp hp);
  • Piper J-3C65S Cub (analogue version of the J-3C65 float chassis).

 

The Piper J-3F60 Cub and Piper J-3F60S Cub modifications were upgraded to a 4 hp Franklin 150AC-65 Series A engine. - a distinctive feature was the presence of a float landing gear. The Piper J-3F65 Cub and Piper J-3F65S Cub models are also analogs of these versions, with the Franklin 4AC-176-B2 piston power plants used here with a capacity of 65 hp.

The Piper J3P Cub received a 50 hp Lenape three-cylinder radial engine, however, due to its low reliability, the model was not popular.

Version Piper J-3R Cub got slotted flaps, as well as equipped with an engine Lenape LM-3-65 65 power in HP Low reliability of the power plant has not led to the popularity of the current modification.

In 1944, the Piper J-3X Cub was introduced, equipped with a cantilever wing and a 65 hp Continental A-8-65 engine, which is reliable and easy to operate and maintain.

Cammandre 1 - French modification version Piper J-3 Cub, partially used in military aviation;

Poullin J.5A - a special version to convert for cargo transportation;

Poullin J.5B - analogue version Poullin J.5A, equipped with a more powerful engine.

Among other things, due to the fact that the plane of light-interested and air forces of the United States, especially for the country's Air Force the following modifications have been developed:

  • YO-59 (Modification on the basis of the civil version of the Piper J-3C65 Cub);
  • O-59 (Enhanced version YO-59);
  • O-59A (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4 (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4A (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4B (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4C (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4D (Enhanced version Piper J3L-65);
  • L-4H (Improved version of O-59);
  • L-4J (Improved version of L-4H);
  • UC-83A (Enhanced version Piper J3L-65);
  • TG-8 (3-berth version);
  • LNP;
  • NE-1;
  • NE-2.

 

Specifications Piper J-3 Cub.

 

  • Crew: 1 people;
  • Passenger: 1 people (depending on version);
  • aircraft Length: 6,83 m (depending on version).
  • Wingspan: 10,74 m (depending on version).
  • Plane Height: 2,03 m (depending on version).
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 345 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Payload: 205 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 550 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 121 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 140 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 354 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 3500 m (depending on version).
  • aircraft engine type: a piston;
  • Powerplant: Continental A-65-8 (depending on version);
  • Power: 65 hp (Depending on version).

 

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