Saratov Aviation Plant
Saratov Aviation Plant

Saratov Aviation Plant



SAZ (Saratov Aviation Plant) is a former aircraft building enterprise in Saratov, which functioned until 2011. Produced aircraft of the Yakovlev experimental design bureau - historical fighters of the Great Patriotic War Yak-3 and Yak-1Passenger Yak-42, Yak-40, Yak-38 (deck-based aircraft with vertical landing and takeoff (VTOL) as well as helicopters and aircraft from other design bureaus.

SAZ (Saratov Aviation)



History of the plant


The period before the war and the Great Patriotic War


A decision was made in the establishment of 1929 Saratov factory for the manufacture of agricultural machinery. On the basis of this production it was subsequently established aircraft plant. The date of foundation of the Saratov plant harvesting, and later the Saratov Aviation Plant is officially 1931 year.

The staff of the factory in the first six years of hard work has made a large share in the development of agriculture in Siberia, the Volga region and in the Far East, producing more copies of 39000 hlebouborochnoy technology. Because of the threat of a military attack on the Soviet union Saratov Combine Plant in 1937 was redirected to issue aircraft, received the name "Plant № 292 NCAP."

The first aircraft took off from the plant's airfield on 28.10.1938/10/370 - it was the R-XNUMX, a high-speed reconnaissance aircraft that had a speed of XNUMX kilometers per hour, which was huge for aircraft of its class at that time.

Saratov Aviation Plant


I-28, a fighter designed by V.P. Yatsenko made a test flight in July 1939. It was the first air-cooled aircraft in the Soviet Union, which at an altitude of 5000 meters showed a speed of 576 kilometers per hour.

The plant in June 1940, within three months, was instructed to set up the serial production of the Yak-1 fighter, created by A.S. Yakovlev, at that time still a young aircraft designer. The first three copies of the Yak aircraft took off in October 1940.

Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, Saratov aircraft builders worked hard, supplying fighters to the front. In 1943, during a night raid, German bombers destroyed 70 percent of the plant's production area. The plant staff continued to work in the open air. Along with this, the hulls were restored, reorganization was underway, conveyor-flow lines were created, and after eighty days of hard work, the production of aircraft reached its previous level. In total, during the war, the plant produced more than 13 thousand Yak-3 and Yak-1 fighters.

Saratov Aviation Plant



The second half of the twentieth century


After the war, cooperation Yakovlev and Saratov Aviation Plant continued. 19.04.1946 was first tested Yak-11 trainer aircraft.

30.04.1949/15/3850 the plant tested the La-1026, the first jet fighter designed by S.A. Lavochkin. It had an unusually low weight, as for a jet plane - only XNUMX kilograms, a maximum speed of XNUMX kilometers per hour, was relatively easy to fly.

28.05.1952/4/1952 Mi-4, a helicopter designed by the Mil Mikhail design bureau passed final factory tests, and in December 4 the plant began mass production of this helicopter. The Mi-XNUMX was widely used in the national economy of the Soviet Union as a sanitary, passenger, for work in the Antarctic and the Arctic and for extinguishing forest fires. Seven world records were set on the Mi-XNUMX. In Brussels, at the world exhibition, this helicopter was awarded a gold medal.

The decision to start production at the Saratov Aviation Plant 11D (B-750B), a guided anti-aircraft missile, which was part of the first mobile SAM S-75 developed at the Moscow design bureau "Fakel" under the leadership of PD Grushin was adopted in early 1956. The first missiles produced by SAZ in 1959 were successfully tested and their export began (mainly to the armies of foreign countries). The first militarized missile launch took place on 07.10.1959. 

Saratov Aviation Plant


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