Sikorsky VS-44. Specifications. A photo.
Sikorsky VS-44. Specifications. A photo.

Sikorsky VS-44. Specifications. A photo.


Sikorsky VS-44 - American amphibious aircraft developed by «Sikorsky Aircraft» in 1937 year.


Photo Sikorsky VS-44


Sikorsky Aircraft started designing the amphibious aircraft in the early 30s. The new aircraft was supposed to carry out transatlantic flights, carrying a fairly large number of passengers on board, and also be used to transport large and heavy loads. With the onset of World War II, the aircraft of the Sikorsky VS-44 model began to be positioned as a military bomber, moreover, the design of the aircraft practically did not undergo any changes - the aircraft manufacturers simply provided the opportunity for attaching and dropping bombs, however, in this regard, the aircraft was not lucky exploited.


Sikorsky VS-44 photo


For its time, the plane was really unique, because at relatively low cost of operation, can carry out the transport of large numbers of people, performing flights on of extended distances limits the distance in 6120 kilometers, thus, aircraft manufacturers of the company «Sikorsky Aircraft» very well qualified and have come to the creation of the aircraft, making it a truly complete and reliable.

His first flight tests of the aircraft amphibian Sikorsky VS-44 1937 has undergone in the year, at the same time, despite the fact that all tests have been successfully completed, the aircraft continued to be refined, which is why, officially, this aircraft has been presented only 1942 year. In the production of the aircraft Sikorsky VS-44 was only about 2-3 years - during this period aviarazrabotchikami was built just 4 aircraft of this model, which was due mainly to the fact that demand in the airplane, due to very high prices, provided quite low.


Aircraft Sikorsky VS-44


Depending on the layout of the cabin, in the civil version of Sikorsky VS-44 aircraft can accommodate up to 45 people, including three crew members and passengers 42, which greatly exceeded the aircraft of this era. Among other things, amphibious aircraft can take an overboard and quite bulky cargo, however, in this case the required compliance with the regulated maximum take-off weight of the aircraft, component 26500 kg.

The power plant of the Sikorsky VS-44 aircraft consists of four radial 14-cylinder aircraft engines of the Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S1C3-G brand, each of which had its own thrust of 1200 hp, which provided the aircraft with a high load-carrying capacity. The maximum flight speed of the amphibious aircraft is 305 km / h, however, due to the danger of overheating of the engines, flights were often carried out at a cruising speed of 260 km / h.



Specifications Sikorsky VS-44.


  • Crew: 3 person;
  • Passenger: 42 person;
  • aircraft Length: 24,15 m .;
  • Wingspan: 37,8 m .;
  • Plane Height: 8,41 m .;
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 14100 kg .;
  • Payload: 6400 kg .;
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 26500 kg .;
  • Cruising speed: 260 km \ h .;
  • Maximum flight speed: 305 km \ h .;
  • Maximum flight distance: 6120 km .;
  • Maximum flight height: 6000 m .;
  • aircraft engine type: a piston;
  • Powerplant: 4 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S1C3-G;
  • Power: 4 x 1200 hp


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