How many Zircon supermissiles does Russia have? Review of Russian missile stockpiles in 2024
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How many Zircon supermissiles does Russia have? Review of Russian missile stockpiles in 2024

How many Zircon supermissiles does Russia have? Review of Russian missile stockpiles in 2024

The Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine reported on Russia's estimated reserves of Zircon, Onyx, Caliber and X-69 missiles, as well as the dynamics of their production. As of the end of April, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are armed with about 40 units of 3M22 Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missiles, about 400 units of 3M55/3M55M Oniks/Oniks-M cruise missiles, about 270 units of Caliber and about 45 units of X-69 guided aircraft missiles.

Hypersonic anti-ship missile "Zircon"

"Zircon" is a hypersonic anti-ship missile capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 9 (about 11 thousand km/h). It is designed to engage large surface ships, including aircraft carriers, and can be launched from surface ships, submarines and aircraft. The Zircon is equipped with a high-precision guidance system and can maneuver on the mid-flight portion of its trajectory, which makes it virtually invulnerable to modern air defense systems.

Cruise missiles "Oniks" and "Oniks-M"

"Oniks" and "Oniks-M" are cruise missiles designed to destroy surface ships and ground targets. They are capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 3 (about 3700 km/h) and have a flight range of up to 600 km. "Oniks" and "Oniks-M" are equipped with a high-precision guidance system and can maneuver on the mid-flight portion of the trajectory, which makes them a difficult target for air defense systems.

Cruise missiles "Caliber"

"Caliber" is a family of cruise missiles designed to destroy ground and surface targets. They are capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 3 (about 3700 km/h) and have a flight range from 50 to 2500 km, depending on the modification. "Caliber" is equipped with a high-precision guidance system and can maneuver during the mid-flight portion of its trajectory, which makes it a difficult target for air defense systems.

Kh-69 guided missiles

The X-69 is a guided aircraft missile designed to destroy ground and surface targets. It is capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 1 (about 1200 km/h) and has a flight range of up to 280 km. The X-69 is equipped with a high-precision guidance system and can maneuver during the flight phase, which makes it a difficult target for air defense systems.

Stockpiling missiles

Russia did not use Caliber cruise missiles against Ukraine for a long period. The last time, as noted in Kyiv, they were used during a massive shelling on April 27. At the same time, the Ukrainian air defense reported that it allegedly destroyed 8 Kh-59/Kh-69 guided aircraft missiles, 1 Iskander-K cruise missile and 6 Caliber cruise missiles. However, to date there is not a single fact indicating that such missiles have been shot down at all.

 

As of early April, Vadim Skibitsky, a representative of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GUR) of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, noted that Russia has about 260 Caliber missiles in its arsenal, while the production capacity allows Russia to produce up to 30 cruise missiles per month.

Thus, Russia continues to build up its missile armament, including the Zircon hypersonic missiles, which causes serious concern for Ukraine and its partners. At the moment, Kyiv does not have the ability to shoot them down, but the missiles themselves are used exclusively for operational strikes.

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