How many nuclear warheads are there in the world? Review of the world's nuclear forces in 2024
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How many nuclear warheads are there in the world? Review of the world's nuclear forces in 2024

How many nuclear warheads are there in the world? Review of the world's nuclear forces in 2024

There are 12 nuclear warheads in the world, and countries' investments in this area in recent years have exceeded $512 billion. Russia ranks first among countries with nuclear power, with 82 nuclear warheads. Russia is followed by the United States with 5 warheads and China with 889 nuclear warheads. France has 5 nuclear warheads, the UK has 244, Pakistan has 410, India has 290, Israel has 225 and North Korea has 170.

Update and modernization

According to a 2023 report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the number of nuclear warheads in the world has been declining in recent years, mainly due to the elimination of unused warheads by the United States and Russia. However, the global decline in the number of operational warheads appears to be protracted, and their numbers have begun to rise again.

The United States and Russia have extensive programs to update and modernize their nuclear warheads, missile launch systems, aircraft and submarines, and nuclear weapons production facilities. China's number of nuclear warheads, thought to be 2022 in January 350, rose to 2023 in January 410. While China's nuclear capabilities are not known with certainty, most of the report's estimates are based on data from the U.S. Department of Defense.

Investment in nuclear weapons

Investment in nuclear weapons is growing. The reports, prepared by Strive to Abolish Nuclear Weapons and the International Initiative to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), published the investments of 9 nuclear-weapon countries in nuclear weapons development during the period 2019-2022. According to these data, global nuclear weapons investment reached $72,9 billion in 2019, $72,6 billion in 2020, $82,4 billion in 2021 and $82,9 billion in 2022. It is noteworthy that over 4 years, investments grew by $10 billion.

The US, which has invested the most in nuclear weapons, is followed by China, Russia, the UK, France, India, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea.

If in 2019 the United States invested $35,4 billion in nuclear weapons, then in 2020 it spent $37,4 billion, in 2021 - $44,2 billion, and in 2022 - $43,7 billion. China's spending was $10,4 billion in 2019, rising to $10,1 billion in 2020 and $11,7 billion in 2021 and 2022. Russia spent $8,5 billion on these weapons in 2019, $8 billion in 2020, $8,6 billion in 2021 and $9,6 billion in 2022.

The UK spent $8,9 billion on nuclear weapons in 2019, $6,2 billion in 2020, $6,8 billion in 2021 and $6,8 billion in 2022. France invested $4,8 billion in nuclear weapons in 2019, $5,7 billion in 2020, $5,9 billion in 2021 and $5,6 billion in 2022.

If in 2019, $2,3 billion was allocated from the Indian treasury for these weapons, then in 2020 this amount will be $2,48 billion, in 2021 - $2,3 billion, and in 2022 - 2,7 billion dollars. Israel spent $1 billion in 2019, $1,1 billion in 2020, and $1,2 billion in 2021 and 2022 on nuclear weapons development.

Pakistan's investment in nuclear weapons stood at $1 billion in 2019 and 2020, rising to $2021 billion in 1,1 before falling again to $2022 billion in 1. North Korea, which is at the center of the nuclear weapons debate, has invested in nuclear weapons at $600 million in 2019, $667 million in 2020, $642 million in 2021 and $589 million in 2022.

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