aircraft Stringer

Stringer aircraft. Stringer wing aircraft

Stringer - a longitudinal element of the power set of plane which is associated with the ribs and the wing skin or fuselage frames. The main purpose is the thrust of compression and tension. Stringer also accepts local aerodynamic loads, trim secures and enhances its rigidity.

Depending on the location and destination of the local stringers can gain typical, butt, and head-end. By strengthening local refers to the location of the stringers places where the focus the load or on the edges of the cut-outs in the casing. Play-stringers are lining the joints, types provides whole rigidity.

Modern aircraft are distinguished by new stringers of bent and extruded profiles in increments of 150-400 mm. In the areas of possible occurrence of cracks to increase the survivability of the whole structure in the casing, stringers of durable materials are put in, which act as limiters for the distribution of cracks — stoppers. Some power circuits have powerful stringing sets, where the spars' belts are rather weakly expressed. In such cases, the cross-sectional area of ​​the spars of the same order as the cross-sectional area of ​​the stringers. Therefore, the stringers differ from the side members in a weak section.

The functions are determined by the constructive and power circuit. In the wing of the spar type, the stringers act as reinforcement of the skin to enhance its tangential critical stresses when the wing is operated on bending and torsion. They take part in the transfer of aerodynamic load directly to the ribs. In the monobloc wing, in addition, the stringer set, together with the skin, takes most of the bending moments. Sheathing and stringers at the same time work on decompression and compression, they are subject to regulatory stresses. The weight of the stringer varies depending on the design of about 12% of the total weight of the wing.

In addition, in the design of the fuselage stringers perform their role in accordance with the scheme. In semi-monocoque (stringer fuselages), the load is perceived by the skin, which is supported by a large number of stringers, and in some cases spars can be included in the set. A similar type of fuselage is used on the IL-96, Tu-154, SSJ. In the spar-stringer fuselages in those parts where you need to make huge cuts, a spar scheme is used, passing into the stringer, due to joining the stringers and lowering the cross sections of the spars. A striking example is the MiG-15.

Forms section

There are several types of sectional forms stringers:

  • Curved;

  • Pressed;

  • closed;

  • open.

Interrupted profiles have a higher critical compressive stress than the bent shapes of identical sections and equal to the area of ​​the cross member. For this reason, in compressed panels monoblock wing stringers are mainly used in extrusions. Bent shape of the profile used for the stringers, which under main load acting on the wings of the tension. Closed profile with paneling forms a closed loop, ensures that higher voltages than equal in cross-sectional area at the other types.

To reduce the weight and create an equally durable design, stringers are created with a variable span of area in cross section, which are reduced to the end of the wing. The stringer wall thickness typically varies within 0,5-3,0 mm.

stringer maximum load

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