Sud-Aviation Alouette III
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Sud-Aviation Alouette III. A photo. Characteristics.

Sud-Aviation Alouette III

 

Sud-Aviation Alouette III (French Lark) - French multipurpose helicopter.

Designed by SudAviation (renamed Aérospatiale, then in- EurocopterFrance) based multipurpose helicopter AlouetteII. The first sample was tested in 1959, then the helicopter was made in several different versions. The helicopter has a single-rotor design, tail rotor and tricycle landing gear. By 1984 1453 92 copies sold in the country.

 

Sud-Aviation Alouette III photo. 2

Sud-Aviation Alouette III photo.

 

Produced under license:

  • in India, under the name "Chetak" was produced by the companies "HindustanAeronauticsLtd." in Bangalore (200 copies); 
  • in Romania — manufactured by ICABrasov under the name IAR316 in 1971 — 1987 (130 copies); 
  • in Switzerland, by F + WEmmen (60 copies). 

 

Sud-Aviation Alouette III Photo salon.

Sud-Aviation Alouette III Photo salon.

 

Modifications and options:

  • SE3160 — the pre-production 1959 trial version; 
  • SA316A — the first production version of the 1960; 
  • SA316B — Modification with TurbomécaArtousteIIIB; 
  • SA316C — modification with a TurbomecaArtousteIIID motor, released in limited quantities; 
  • SA319B - modification with the engine Turboméca Astazou XIV; 
  • SA3164AlouetteCanon— 1964 combat helicopter 

 

Sud-Aviation Alouette III photo

Sud-Aviation Alouette III photo

 

Features helicopter Sud-Aviation Alouette III:

 

  • Number of crew members: 1 pilot 
  • The greatest number of passengers: 6
  • Load capacity: 750kg on the suspension 
  • Length: 12,84m 
  • The diameter of the rotor: 11,02m 
  • The diameter of the tail rotor: 1,91m 
  • Height: 3,0m 
  • The area swept rotor: 95,38kv.m
  • Track chassis 2,6m 
  • Empty weight: 1122kg 
  • The highest take-off weight: 2200kg 
  • Volume of fuel tanks: 575l 
  • Powerplant: 1 × turboshaft TurbomecaArtousteIIIB 
  • Rate of climb: 4,33m / s 
  • The load on the drive: 23kg / sq.m
  • Maximum speed: 210km / h 
  • The speed at FL: 185km / h 

 

Engine power:

  • 1 × 870l.s (1 × 649kW) 
  • power reduced to 570l. (425kW) 

 

Practical range:
at the ground: 480km 
at optimum height: 540km 

 

Service ceiling:

  • 3200м 

 

Static ceiling:

  • using ground effect: 2880 
  • no ground effect: 1520 

 

Cannon: (optional) 

  • 1 × 20mm MG151 / 20 gun with 480 cartridges or 
  • 1 × 7,62mm AA-52 machine gun with 1000 cartridges 
  • Guided missiles: 4 × AS.11 or 2 × AS.12 
  • Uncontrolled Missiles: 4 × PU ThomsonBrandt 6822 with 22х68mm or 6832 with 32х68mm or 6812 with 12х68mm NAR 
  • Torpedoes: 2 × anti-submarine Mk44 / 46 

 

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