Tupolev-BP 3D REYES-D
Tupolev-BP 3D REYES-D

Tupolev-BP 3D REYES-D

At the end of the 70-ies, when the troops entered the "Flight", they began discussing possible upgrades that would have influenced the increase in flight characteristics and the effectiveness of the application. Before the designers of the Design Bureau set the task of completing the reconnaissance aircraft. In particular, the installation of new types of reconnaissance equipment with a higher resolution potential, technologies that enable to conduct reconnaissance activity at night. In addition, the representatives of the security forces put forward demands for an increase in the flight-tactical data regarding the range of flight.

Ground complex, at first, it was planned to reduce the TPM on the composition of the staff, facilities and streamline operational processes. In early March 1981 the Council of Ministers of the USSR issued a decree on the establishment of a fully-BP complex doedennogo 3D "Reis-D". tactical and technical requirements for complex customer approved in February 83-year. Before the period of 1987 years CB design and build prototypes of reconnaissance drones Tu-243.

The prototype of the air rose in July 87-year. Because of the collapse of the Soviet state tests greatly delayed. They managed to finish in 2008 year. But mass production of neglect was much earlier, which is deployed in the city Kumertau at an engineering plant. All work carried out on a new set of UAVs have improved efficiency in comparison with the "Flight" in 2,5 times.

"Flight-D" is actively offered to other countries for export. In addition to military use, drones can be coerced into solving environmental problems, for the Ministry of Emergencies, or in eliminating technological disasters, including radiation fires. The design of the airframe of the unmanned vehicle Tu-243 in comparison with the Tu-143 has not undergone any major changes. Aerodynamic configuration, power plant and aircraft systems survived. The designers updated the reconnaissance equipment by introducing a new flight-navigation complex, re-arranged the UAV equipment, increased the amount of fuel.

The main purpose of intelligence is to carry out a complex intelligence operations in areas of concentration of combat equipment and troops of the enemy, exploration engineering and technical facilities, areas of environmental and natural disasters, identifying sites of forest fires, accidents, oil and gas pipelines.

Reconnaissance equipment is installed in two versions and contributes to the performance of the required task at any time of the day. The first option involves the installation of a panoramic aerial camera as PA-402 and a television intelligence system - Aist-M, which can transmit information in real time via the Trasse-M radio link. The second option: reconnaissance infra-red system "Winter-M", PA-402, "Rout-M". In addition to performing data transfer to the ground, the UAV can record information on a special storage medium. All innovations related to improving the flight characteristics allowed the drone to increase the radius of inspection for one flight to 2100 m2.

On UAV Tu-243 established flight-navigation complex NPK-243. He has contributed to an increase in the unit of tactical possibilities and the entire complex. It is also the time of the search was facilitated drone, with the installation of the beacon "Marker". Adopt boosters - TRZ-117A.

Mobile and upgraded technical and launching facilities (TZM-243, SPU-243, UNDER-3D and KPK-243) were used as ground equipment in comparison with “Flight” on the new complex. Increased operational characteristics of the entire complex. 

Tupolev VR-3D Reis-D. Characteristics:

Modification   BP-3D REYS-D
Wingspan, m   2.25
Length m   8.29
Height, m   1.576
Wing area, m2   2.90
Weight, kg   1400
engine's type   1 TRD TRZ-117A
Thrust, kgf   X 1 640
Accelerator   RDDT-243DT
Thrust, kgf   14820
Cruising speed, km / h   850 – 940
Practical range, km   360
Practical ceiling, m   5000
The minimum flight altitude, m   50


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