German Air Force. Aviation Germany
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German Air Force. Aviation Germany

German Air Force. Aviation Germany

The Federal Republic of Germany has the most powerful air force. "Luftwaffe", as they are called Germans, in peacetime engaged on duty air defense systems in Europe, which is carried out jointly with other foreign squadrons, members of the NATO alliance. Also, they control their own borders from crossing the airspace and can take measures to stop the aircraft, which, without warning cross the border.

In times of crisis or in wartime German Air Force operating in accordance with national plans in the air offensive and defensive operations (it is possible use of nuclear weapons).

The tasks that faced the German Air Force:

  • Air superiority and its retention.
  • Isolation of the battlefield and the battle area.
  • Keeping air support.
  • Providing air support of ground forces troops.
  • Implementation of transport military personnel and cargo of military purpose.

Air Force Base in any country - military aviation, which is in collaboration with other armed forces could be the key to success in defeating the enemy. In addition to the aircraft, the Air Force also have all the means and air defense forces: anti-aircraft missile systems, antiaircraft artillery, radio aids. For Ensuring fighting all kinds of auxiliary forces responsible aviation.

The organizational structure of the German Air Force

Air Force Manual lies with the Air Force commander, subordinate inspector general of the Bundeswehr. His workplace is in the general staff, where he directs the activities of all the fighting groups, institutions and Air Force units.

In Germany, the organizational structure is as follows:

  • Main Headquarters.
  • Operational Command Headquarters.
  • Headquarters Support Command.
  • Central control.

The main headquarters of the Air Force - a body of operational management. Its tasks include the development of construction, combat training, operational use of the Air Force, the definition of a dislocation of parts, units and formations. Head Staff subject to the central administration, support for command and operational command.

The functions assigned to the central control of the Air Force:

  • Organization of manning and training in educational institutions.
  • The geophysical and medical support.
  • Planning and control of Air Force training units.

Operational command of the German Air Force was formed in 1994 and is based in Cologne-Wan. It is intended for management of funds and the Air Force forces in wartime and peacetime. It consists of two regional commands the Air Force "South" and "North" Command vehicle management services and Air Command.

Regional Command "North" is located in the town of Kalkar, "South" - in Meßstetten. They include all parts and connections of strike aircraft, equipment and air defense forces. Transport Air Command stationed in Muenster and supervises the work of all auxiliary aircraft, which is designed for the transportation of military cargo and soldiers.

Command Management Services is located in Cologne-Wan and monitors the functioning and development of communication systems and the Air Force control, investigates accidents and disasters. Make proposals concerning the reduction of accidents not only combat aircraft but also civil.

At the Air Force Support Command shall be responsible procurement of new equipment, the implementation of its repair, supply of the fuel, lubricants, spare parts, ammunition and other material resources. In Germany, it is divided into 6 Support Regiment, each of which is attached a specific area of ​​responsibility. Inventories of military logistics allow combat Squadron "Luftwaffe" to conduct a continuous battle for 30 days.

Abundance, weapons and combat strength

The personnel of the German Air Force has 73,3 thousand. Man. "Luftwaffe" consists of 20 squadrons (aircraft 559, 457 - in fighting condition). Of them:

  • 108 aircraft carrying nuclear weapons.
  • 165 aircraft fighter-bomber aircraft.
  • 35 «Tornado» ECR.
  • 36 «Tornado".
  • 144 aircraft defense.
  • 94 combat training Alfa-Jet.
  • 125 aircraft F-4F.
  • 102 - in reserve.

The composition of the groups is 15 rocket launchers SAM 534 and 264 artillery anti-aircraft guns. Nine squadrons supporting aviation aircraft account for over 160 from 157 which transport. Five helicopter squadrons are composed of more than 100 helicopters. All facilities and air defense forces with attack aircraft are distributed among the four air divisions of the regional commands of the Air Force "South" and "North".

The Command of the Air Force "North" obey 3-I and 4-I air divisions, combat composition which consists of 23 air defense MiG-29 and 89 F-4F, 117 strategic fighter 'Tornado', 108 anti-aircraft missile complexes "Patriot", 30 - SAM "Roland" and 96 - SAM "Improved Hawk".

Air Force Command "South" leads 1-rd and 2-th Air Division, the fighting strength of which has 36 air defense aircraft F-4F, 119 fighters "Tornado", 132 launchers "Patriot", 60 - "Roland" and 108 - "Enhanced Hawk.

The transport arrangement Air Command are 84 tactical transport aircraft "Transall», 7 - CL-601, 2 - Boeing 707, 7 - A-310 and 99 transport and assault helicopters UH-1D.

airfield network

Germany belongs to the countries with a very developed aerodrome infrastructure, which consists of more than 600 airfields, helicopter pads, sections of airfield roads. More than 130 flight platforms are perfectly prepared for basing on them all the equipment that is part of the military transport and combat aircraft. The network of airfields is uneven across the country, however, as foreign experts believe, the choice of seats for airfields allows NATO forces to concentrate in one place a powerful combination of tactical, transport and auxiliary aviation.

Ni de lejos su arma aérea está en condiciones de enfrentarse a un enemigo como por ejemplo Rusia, no tienen cazas de superioridad aérea que puedan competir ni con los Su-35 o los F-15 Estado Unidenses, tampoco caza bombarderos decentes dado que los Tornados Son a día de hoy ya aviones obsoletos y su número tampoco es que les fuera a dar ventaja, pues son escasos, teniendo en cuenta el poder económico Alemán, sus fuerzas Aéreas actuales son más bien pobres, escasas numéricamente y cerca de la obsolescencia.

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