Air Troopers
Air Troopers

Air Troopers

Landing - (from the French. Descente - landing, descent), the troops specially prepared and planted (thrown) or for landing (dropping) into enemy territory for combat operations. By the number of troops involved, the nature of the tasks and the depth of the landing (dropping) in the armies of the most developed countries landing can be strategic, operational, tactical and special purpose.

Large increase in carrying capacity of aircraft proposed in the agenda the question of the transfer of air routes is not only small groups of armed men, but also of entire military units, and even parts of the compounds reinforced with the necessary technical means and the firing.

A number of articles of major military experts placed at different times in military journals in England, France, Italy and the USA, as well as the experience of the war in Spain, and especially the last war in the West indicate the possibility of widespread use of airlift and air assault forces.

Air landings can be classified as a process of landing, and intended use in combat.

By way of landing:

  • a) parachute assault, pursuing limited goals;

  • b) troops landing from airships to the ground (a more rare event, possible in desert theaters or under particularly favorable conditions in unobserved areas);

  • c) combined landing, carried out by descent by parachute and landing on the ground (large landing).

In combat designation:

  • a) a tactical assault force operating in close cooperation with other ground forces; small number, landed in the tactical rear of the enemy; has a limited task (capture an important tactical line in the enemy's rear, a violation of the control or operation of the rear, etc.); landing exclusively parachute;

  • b) an operational assault force operating in conjunction with other ground forces, but with greater independence; action duration up to two or three days; large landing (battalion, a regiment with reinforcements); landed in the operational rear of the enemy with the tasks: to demoralize the rear, to seize a railway junction or line, in order to detain reinforcements suitable from darkness; landed in a mixed way.