Turkish Air Force. Aviation Turkey
Turkish Air Force. Aviation Turkey

Turkish Air Force. Aviation Turkey


Turkey belongs to the active participants of the CENTO and NATO blocs. The orientation of its armed forces (Armed Forces) is determined by the requirements adopted in NATO relating to the "quick reaction" strategy and which will have to be dealt with within the integrated armed forces bloc in the South European theater. Taking into account the military and strategic position of the country, the proximity to its borders of Russia and other post-socialist countries, the leadership of NATO, even in peacetime, based on its territory a relatively powerful air group. It consists of the 39 tactical air group and the Turkish Air Force. The US air group is represented by 20 fighter-bombers F-4S "Phantom".

Division and parts of the Turkish Air Force can provide active air support any ground forces and the Navy to carry out transfer of military equipment, personnel and troops in the theater of operations, to provide cover for troops and important strategic targets and to explore tactical plan for the benefit of Command of NATO and national commanders.


Composition and organization of the Turkish Air Force (Air Force of Turkey)


At the head of the Air Force put the commander, who reports to the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the country. Commander itself is located in the headquarters (in Ankara) and directs subordinate units, formations and units. Headquarters Air Force is working closely with the otaku in Izmir. The Turkish Air Force is scheduled 48000 people reserve is 29000 people.

Air Force consists of the first and second TBA headquarters: Eskisehir and Diyarbakir, the missile base missiles "Nike" air transport group and educational Air Command. Home Air Force combat unit - numbering 18 aircraft aviation squadron. At the moment, the Turkish Air Force conducted the process of replacing obsolete and outdated aircraft RF-84F, F-104G, F-100C and D of modern F-104S, F-4E and RF-5A.

The 1-th tactical air army includes the 4 air bases - Murthed, Eskishehir, Balikesir and Bandirma. They are the squadron of F-100D and F-100S aircraft, F-4E "Phantom", F-104S and F-104G, F-102A, F-5A and RF-5A. The 2-TIA consists of three air bases: Diyarbakir - has one squadron of F-102A, F-10GD and RF-84F; Merzifon - on 2-e squadron F-5A; Erhach - 2-e squadron F-100D. Total combat squadrons - 19. 12 refers to assault and fighter-bomber: up to 100 aircraft F-100D and C, 40 aircraft F-4E, 36 F-104G, 40 F-5A and several F-104S. 5 refers to the fighter 18 F-104S, 32 aircraft F-5A and 36 F-102A. Two - reconnaissance: 24 aircraft RF-5A and 18 RF-84F. The total number of combat aircraft is 330, of which the carriers of nuclear weapons are 90.

The missile base SAM includes two divisions (four squadrons) with 72 launchers anti-aircraft missiles "Nike Hercules" and "Nike-Ajax." All of them cover the area from the air of the Bosphorus Strait.


Transport Aviation Group attached three squadrons, which has eight aircraft C-130, 20 C-160, 10 C-47, three P-54, six C-45, three "Viskaunt" two "Islander." In addition, the Air Force is 10 helicopters UH-11, 10 UH-19D and 10 AV 204V.

Basic tactical and technical data of aircraft and helicopters DVS Turkey listed in the table.


Air Command Training provides training flight and maintenance personnel for the units and the Turkish Air Force. Its members included the Air Force Academy, several of flight and technical aviation schools and two air bases (Çigli and Konya).


The main educational institution is the aviation school in Istanbul. It usually accepts young men who graduated from the Air Force lyceums (special secondary schools), where they receive initial knowledge of aircraft and their management. The piloting technique is developed on the aircraft T-6, T-33, T-37. The term of study at the school is two years. After the graduation, the cadets are sent for training to aviation bases for mastering the piloting technique on combat training aircraft F-5B, TF-104G, TF-100F and TF-102A. Having successfully completed the internship course, they receive the rank of lieutenant and are sent to combat squadrons.

Technical staff for aircraft maintenance is preparing to school, which is located in Izmir. Operators and technology radar, experts centers and posts of management and guidance of aircraft, communications officers airfield services and logistics support Air Force and trained in their respective schools.


Fleet Training Command, according to foreign press reports, has about 30 aircraft T-6, 30 T-33, 24 T-34, 23 T-37, 12 T-41, 10 TF-100F, four TF-104G, three TF -102X and several F-5B.

Force and air defenses in Turkey


Force and air defense of Turkey, placed at the disposal of NATO, are an integral part of the air defense system of the area of ​​responsibility 6 otaku. Radar stations located throughout the country, almost all connected to the automated system "Neji", which is intended to alert the command of the air enemy and control of combat forces united air defense system of NATO.


The NATO command believes that Turkish air defense forces and assets do not reliably cover the air space of the 6 OTAK zone, especially at low altitudes. Therefore, measures are being taken to modernize existing radar stations in order to increase their noise immunity, and it is planned to build three additional radar posts of the "Neige" system in Turkey. The Turkish command intends to purchase several mobile radars and is looking for ways to acquire short range missile systems such as "Crottal" (France) and "Rapira" (Great Britain) to combat subsonic and supersonic low-flying targets.

Combat training Turkish Air Force


Combat training units and the Turkish Air Force carried out in order to keep them in constant combat readiness. It is organized by the Air Force headquarters in accordance with the NATO command and operational plans for the use of aviation. The basis of the combat training exercises and make competitions in which improved airmanship crew coordination of work at headquarters Aviation Administration in various conditions of air situation. On the progress and level of training of aviation units and Air Force Commander shall report regularly to the headquarters of 6 otaku.

Each air base in accordance with the operational plans of the combined NATO air annually tested for combat readiness and effectiveness. During such inspections combat aircraft crews are set tasks to intercept air targets at low and high altitudes, bombing of small targets and aerial reconnaissance in simple and adverse weather conditions.


The units of combat aircraft, as reported in the pages of the foreign press, regularly participate in troop and command post exercises, NATO conducted on southern European theater of operations, such as "Deep Farrow" ("Deep groove"), "Don petrol" ("Morning Patrol") and the type of "Express".

Command of the Turkish Air Force, given the experience of warfare on the island. Cyprus 1974 year, more attention has been paid to working out coordinated operations with ground troops and Turkish naval forces, as well as search and destruction of small surface targets. The exercise significant place is given to the dispersal of aircraft and operate it with the advanced airfields.


The development of the Turkish Air Force


The development of the Turkish Air Force is determined by the government's program of modernization of the armed forces adopted in 1972, which provides for a qualitative upgrade of the aircraft fleet. As it was pointed out in the foreign press, the Turkish Air Force command plans to further increase the combat capabilities of aviation by means of technical re-equipment of units and subunits without a significant increase in personnel and aircraft fleet. In connection with the fact that the creation of its own aircraft manufacturing industry for the production of combat aircraft is delayed due to financial difficulties, the main emphasis is on the purchase of modern technology on preferential terms abroad.

According to the contract, Turkey 1972 has received from the US 40 fighter bombers F-4E «phantom» 2, which replaced the obsolete aircraft of the F-4F and F-100C, and D. About 100 Turkish pilots and aircraft technicians mastered "Phantom" in the United States. In addition, the command of the Turkish Air Force has decided to establish its training center for pilots of these aircraft. Equipment center on Eskisehir air base will produce the American company "Makdonnell Douglas." Currently, negotiations are underway with the United States regarding the purchase of another batch of aircraft "Phantom."

In 1974 year contract was signed with Italy for Turkey 54 fighter F-104S (manufactured by American license) for the replacement of aircraft F-100C and D, and F-102A. Their deliveries have already begun, to be completed by mid-year 1977.


Turkey is actively helping to strengthen its Air Force and the Federal Republic of Germany. The foreign press has reported that it has committed to donate the Turkish Air Force training aircraft 90 TF-104G (produced under license from the United States) for the five training squadrons. At the same time it pointed out that in the coming years with the help of the West German firms in Kayseri will build a factory for the production of transport aircraft produced by 15 aircraft per year. Currently, Germany is undergoing flight tests prototype of this aircraft AM-C111 (the Turkish name of the KC-111). It is believed that it will be light transport aircraft.

As a result of renovation of the fleet is believed to Turkish military experts, the combat capabilities of aviation units and will increase significantly.

Thus, according to the foreign press, the Turkish Air Force are quite strong air grouping composed of tactical strike force NATO's southern European theater of operations.

The composition of the Turkish Air Force aircraft

Combat aircraft:

  • Canadair NF-5A - a multi-purpose fighter.
  • Canadair NF-5B - fighter training.
  • Tusas F-16D - fighter training.
  • Tusas F-16C - a multi-purpose fighter.

Transport aircraft:

  • Boeing KC-135R - tanker.
  • Boeing 737-700 - freighter.
  • Boeing 737-700BBJ - aircraft for administrative purposes.
  • CASA CN-235 - freighter.
  • Cessna 650 Citation VII - aircraft for administrative purposes.

  • Tusas CN-235M - freighter.
  • Cessna Citation II - aircraft for administrative purposes.
  • Gulfstream IV - aircraft for administrative purposes.
  • Lockheed C-130E - freighter.
  • Lockheed C-130B - freighter.
  • Raytheon 200 - aircraft for administrative purposes.
  • Transall C-160D - freighter.

Aircraft training:

  • Cessna T-37B - academic training.
  • Cessna T-37C - combat training.
  • Cessna T-41D - academic training.
  • SIAI-Marchetti SF.260D - academic training.
  • Northrop T-38 - academic training.
  • Socata TB.20 - academic training.

Turkish Civil Aviation


At the time, Turkey took 2002 28-th place in the world for overall passenger traffic, which is about 16,8 billion. A constantly airlines - 14. The international status of received 12 airlines. The total number of aircraft - 685 units.


"Turkish Airlines Company" - the national carrier, which takes 46-th place in the world. Its passenger traffic - 10,4 million. The whole fleet consists of A340 - 7 aircraft, Boeing 737 - 40 aircraft A310 - 5 planes and more than ten regional aircraft destination. The second largest carrier in Turkey is considered a "Pegasus Airlines Company." It is slightly inferior to "turkish Airlines Company" and is part of a passenger Boeing 737-400 / 800 - 10 units.

Onur Air has a total number of aircraft - 10 units: MD-88, А300 and А321. Cargo transportation is handled by MNG Airlines. Its fleet consists of seven Boeing-737-400 and Airbus A300 aircraft.      


Turkey was hit by a plane. But Turkey is a country where there is no secret they Masulmanstva voyayut pots from the pile of clay First Second Third Fourth heap are all at a distance of 100 meters apart and mold pot. There neither journalists nor radar can not penetrate Turks wear red hats and misulmane chelmu. You know what red? Lost Turkey. A misulman they kill!
Another thing the plane was not shot down it's just such a reversal. The plane was flying over the forest and mountain and sharply soared into the sky to fall fled to Turkey. Just ran across the border. Well, how to understand voyanie away 100 meters? Are they folding 100 meters?
Turkey adds revolutions and adds to their religion and there masulmane there is quite a different religion, they are hidden from the eyes of the turnover vayalschika pitcher or pot is also not known. If journalists would be more cunning then the two are one and one simulates the steps between the piles a couple of steps when voyanii and there is a lot a lot.
A Russian Air Force on the old Su 24 do not bomb Syria alas, they bombed the custom areas in which the epidemic of vineyards erupted and ate all the water. Drought. They bomb precisely the spills of wine makers and acetic acid formed from wine that simply flows from vineyards just rivers and streams. Radiative radiotric. Radiator irrigation of winemaking led to mass death of Syrians and poisonings with vinegar fumes. France will soon arrive in Syria with its DonPerinenas and so on. Champagne is also a very heavy wine. Radiation is the term of winemakers when water cuts a vine plantation and lifts it above itself and then through the shadow of a thick double the water drops they become like a Velcro. Look video Brian of the French Enigma group there drops like swords. And the Turkish nuclear power plant is unnecessary at all. Need not!

Hilo is not stuck to you))