Yakovlev Yak-25

Yakovlev Yak-25


The Yak-25, which according to NATO classification was named "Flashlight", is a two-seat Soviet fighter-interceptor developed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Start of operation: 1949

The design of the Yak-25

The fuselage is made monocoque type has a circular cross-lining, in which the tail section becomes oval. fuselage length of 14,56 m, diameter - 1,45 m The fuselage is pressurized cabin, radar sight RP-6, fuel tanks compartment nose landing gear, main landing gear compartment, niche guns and other departments... Top located gartrot, which placed electroplaits, pipelines and various traction control systems. On the sides of the sides of the plates placed air brakes, which deviation angle - 50 °, area - 1 m².


Trapezoidal cantilever wing has a sweep angle 45 °. The structure of power elements of wing consoles includes two spar power braced girder, which was fixed swivel with the front spar, a set of ribs (36 pcs.) And stressed skin. The wing ailerons are internally compensated with wind-shields and flaps, having a fixed axis of rotation. Limit angles are flaps-flaps landing - 50 °, on the rise - 25 °. The ailerons are deflected up and down a maximum angle 25 °.

The aircraft has a single-tailed swept feathers. Stabilizer is located in the center of the keel span. The horizontal plumage is made of the ASA-000010M profile. The sweep of the horizontal tail is 45 °, the area is 4,66 m. The stabilizer is fixed at an angle of 30 °. Height rudders have angles of deviation: downwards - 20 °, upwards - 33 °. The keel consists of two spars, has a working sheathing. The keel is made of the profile ASA-0008M and ASA-0009M and has an area of ​​5,33 m², the sweep is 55 °. As part of the vertical tail is a steering wheel, which has axial compensation, and the maximum deviation angles 26 degree. On the keeled tip, the antennas of the radio station RSIU-3M and the course system were installed.


Yak-25 has bicycle type landing gear with front steering wheels. Wheels front desk and non-braking underwing. The main landing gear had twin wheels, equipped with two-chamber brakes, which included machine guns to prevent skidding. Track chassis - 0,44 m base - 5,42 m rear wheel size -. 800x225, underwing - 310x135, front - 600x155 mm.

The composition of two turbojet engine RD-25A (AM 5A) powerplant Yak-5 included, the power of which is 2600 kg. They were placed in underwing nacelles. Total capacity of fuel tanks - 3445 l. In addition to the four wing, the fuselage under the setting of the suspension discharged tank capacity l 685. The aircraft can be drained in the air kerosene.

Armament and body armor Yak-25

Yak-25 weapons system is represented by two guns N-37L caliber H 37L. Ammunition each gun mount - 50 cartridges. Aiming performed by radiopritsela RP-6.


Lantern cockpit is made of armored glass 105 mm thick. The front cabin is a steel armored plate. The backrests and headrests and also armored pilot seats operator. The side of the seat are duralumin plate and broneschitki. The fuselage has a thick armor 10 mm.

Equipment Yak-25

Yak-25 equipped with radar RP-6 «Falcon", a system of blind landing OP-48 «Continent», the marker radio MCI-48P, automatic radio compass ARK-5, navigation indicators NOR-50B, artificial horizon AGI-1, remote gyromagnetic compass DGMK -5, the defendant SRO airplane, the radio station ZM-RSIU, radio altimeter RV-2, airplane intercom SPU-2R et al. devices and systems.

Yak-25 has booster aileron control system and the height of the wheel (emergency - mechanical) and mechanical rudder system. In the cockpit of the pilot-operator has a full set of controls.

Yak-25 characteristics:

Modification   Yak-25
Wingspan, m   10.964
Length m   15.665
Wing area, m2   28.95
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   5720
  takeoff weight   10045
Maximum speed km / h   1090
Engines   2 TRD RD-5A
Thrust, kgf   X 2 2000
The maximum rate of climb, m / min   2640
Practical ceiling, m   12000
Fuel tanks, l:  
  internal   3445
  PTB   670
Practical flight range, km   2700
The duration of the flight, ch.min   3.26
Crew   2
Armament:   two 37 mm H-37L cannons with 50 (100) cannon cartridges


Yak-25 video

Yak-25 (1947)

The aircraft with the designation Yak-25 1947 first appeared in the year. Its establishment was engaged in design bureau Yakovlev. Designers Design Bureau developed the first jet fighter with a straight wing design. There were created two aircraft of this series.

Test aircraft Yak-25

The outline design of this machine was approved in early February 1947. To factory tests have begun only in the middle of autumn of the same year. The first separation from the runway Yak-25 carried 2 November. This flight made it clear to the pilot and designers about the high flying and maneuvering characteristics of this aircraft. In addition to positive indicators, there were shortcomings. When dialing the maximum speed, the device began to tremble violently, this was caused by an uneven flow of air near the surfaces of the stabilizer. This problem was solved by installing additional spoilers on the stabilizer. Due to the improvements Yak-25 was able to show the speed, which exceeded the data of the Yak-23 aircraft at 60 km / h.

Yakovlev Yak-25 1947

State tests were completed in the early autumn of the year 48. The general public car was presented at the Tushino parade. Further development of the project Yak-25 device not found, due to the fact that the Government has given its preference MiG-15.

Design Features Yak-25

The beginning of production of the Yak-25 served the purchase in England of new jet engines "Derwent V» model. When used, the Yakovlev Design Bureau has designed two aircraft, which have become fighters and labeled 23 25. In turn, the design model of the Yak-25 widely used operating time with the machine Yak-19. The difference of the new aircraft was the case in the semi-monocoque scheme was changed and the engine layout.

The housing was divided into two compartments, namely the fore and aft. In the front compartment of the machine has been installed cockpit hermetic type. Place the pilot had a greater degree of protection against ingress of shells. The front of the cabin is equipped with armored plate and armored glass of great thickness. tucked in the back of the pilot armored seat. In case of emergency the pilot can rescue ejection system, which was equipped with a chair.

The wings are composed of two spars, which are located flaps gap type. The edge of the wing is equipped with holders for which it was possible to install additional fuel tanks to increase range. As for feathering, it was performed in a cruciform pattern and had a large sweep. Dvuhlonzheronnoe plumage was equipped with a keel and a rear stabilizer. Under feathering machines were installed brake flaps that opened the automatic system at certain airspeed.

Yakovlev Yak-25 1947

Designers were laid out and armament, which had planned to establish on the Yak-25, namely, the two large-caliber gun model W-3-23 from 150 cartridges. But these devices have not been tested, and instead chose three HP-23 gun, from which you can spend on 75 volleys. All aircraft weapons were placed under the vehicle body.

With regard to navigation, it was quite perfect at the time. The aircraft was equipped with a radio RCI-6 and radio compass RPKO-10M. respondent type MF-3 was installed. All equipment and components supplied with electricity from a generator, and a stationary battery GSK on 12 volts. For flights at high altitudes has a cockpit oxygen KP-14 system capacity of two liters.



For the first time, the question of the need to equip the aircraft of the USSR Armed Forces with a barrage fighter-interceptor arose in 1948. This task was realized by Mikulina Design Bureau (they designed an economical small-size light thruster with 2000 thrust) and Yakovlev Design Bureau, whose designers were engaged in the development of an aircraft for this new engine. The work on the creation of the new aircraft was very active, as a result, in the summer of 1952 the Yak 25 first took off. A few months later, an accident occurred, but in general the tests were successful and as a result, a new military aircraft Yak 25 (with AM engine - 5 and radar * Emerald *) as a barrage fighter-interceptor was adopted by the Soviet Army and launched into production at the Saratov Aircraft Plant .
For its time, UC 25 was good, but time does not stand still. Aviation was ready to cross the threshold of a supersonic and UC 25, being a subsonic aircraft, inferior in its speed and other characteristics of the new engines of the time, and could no longer perform the interception jet strategic bomber, so in the middle of the year 1960 26 Yak was discontinued. However, its high-altitude reconnaissance variants were used by the air forces of the Soviet Union for some time yet.

I believe that the Yak-25 is another transition model, which has not found wide application. Like most of these aircraft, it was useless, because he did not get into production. Especially Yak-25 not really very different from previous devices. It is a pity that in the USSR often not adjusted to the end of these projects, and threw a lot of money. Yet on the basis of the ego it was created more sophisticated military machine. With pleasure I am familiar with further information on this project.


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