Russia may change borders with Lithuania and Finland in the Baltic Sea

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Russia may change borders with Lithuania and Finland in the Baltic Sea

The Russian Ministry of Defense presented a draft government resolution providing for updating the coordinates of the state border off the mainland coast and islands of the Russian Federation in the Baltic Sea. The document was published on the Federal Portal of Draft Regulatory Legal Acts.

The draft resolution provides for the establishment of a new system of straight baselines in the southern part of the Russian islands in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland, as well as in the area of ​​​​the cities of Baltiysk and Zelenogradsk. This will make it possible to use this water area as internal sea waters of Russia, which is of strategic importance for ensuring national security and control over the territory.

The Ministry of Defense also proposed invalidating the “Baltic Sea” section in the list of geographic coordinates of points that have been in force since 1985, defining the position of the baselines for measuring the width of the territorial waters, economic zone and continental shelf of the USSR. This document, developed based on materials from the mid-XNUMXth century, no longer corresponds to the modern geographical situation and practices of other states.

Now the straight baselines of Russia in the Gulf of Finland do not continue and do not close on the territory of the country, which does not allow us to accurately determine the external border of internal sea waters. Updating the coordinates and establishing straight baselines will correct this situation, making it possible to accurately determine the boundaries of Russian territorial waters.

The adoption of the draft resolution will change the alignment of the state border at sea near the Kaliningrad region. As a result of this change, state maritime navigation charts will be adjusted and reissued to ensure the safety of navigation in the new conditions.

At the moment, the draft resolution is at the stage of public discussion.

At the same time, it remains unknown how other countries will react to this if their interests are affected.

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