Plane crash AN-12BK in Macedonia. 1992
Plane crash AN-12BK in Macedonia. 1992

Plane crash AN-12BK Volga-Dnepr Airlines in Macedonia

  • Date plane crash: 23.07.1992, the

  • Time of the crash: 20:23

  • Country of the crash: Macedonia

  • Location of the crash: 26 km southwest of Skopje Airport

  • aircraft Brand: An-12BK

  • Registration of aircraft: RA11342

  • Name of air carrier: Volga-Dnepr

Chronology of events:

The plane flew to Skopje for a load of fans, which was intended for sale in Ukraine. The flight took place during the day. On the flyby of the beacon VOR Skopje, being on the scheme of call, the crew changed course so as not to enter the storm front. The flight continued with the course of 230 degrees, which led to the mountainous region, although it was necessary to continue the flight with the established scheme of approach to the 34 strip by the course of 163 degrees. Determination of its own location in relation to the airport was hampered by the impossibility of using radio-on-board airborne equipment. The connection to the board in 20: 23 has ceased. Being outside of the approach scheme at an altitude less safe, the crew began a turn for the course of 140 degrees, at which the aircraft collided in horizontal flight with Mount Lisatz (1934 m) at an altitude of about 1600 m at 26 km southwest of Skopje airport with poor visibility, Burnt and collapsed. 2 aircraft and 6 crew members were killed.

Second An-12, which operates flights on the same route and flew ahead of the Simferopol airport, went to the alternate Sofia.

Plane crash AN-12BK in Macedonia. 1992

Data on victims:

  • Total on board were people 8: 6 2 crew members and passengers. Total killed 8 people: crew 6, 2 passengers.

Details of the crash:

  • Phase of flight: the approach

  • Identify the causes of the crash: crew error, weather conditions, ATC error

Data on the plane:

  • Mark airplane An-12BK

  • Aircraft ID: RA11342

  • Country where registered aircraft: Russia

  • Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 1970

  • Serial number of the aircraft :: 00347607

Flight data:

  • Tour type: Ferry

  • The aviation company Volga-Dnepr

  • The country, which was registered aviation company: Russia

  • Flying from Simferopol

  • I flew to Skopje

  • Original item: Simferopol

  • A final point: Skopje


When approaching a landing in a mountainous area, the crew was absorbed in the task of accessing the circuit and preventing the entry of thunderstorm activity into the seats. The tools that can alert the crew about the danger of a reduction in the future (such as the PSTN) were not on the plane. The crew, having decided to leave the scheme, was not sufficiently clearly aware of their position with regard to natural obstacles. So, according to the negotiations at MS-61, the crew at the thunderstorm detects the least safe altitude 6000 feet (1830 m), although in fact the lowest safe height in this area was 10400 feet (3170 m).

Additional information:

Plane crash AN-12BK in Macedonia. 1992

Information about the crew:

  • Vladimir A. Kokarev - FAC

  • Victor V. Kriushin - the co-pilot

  • Vladimir A. Žagarė

  • Viktor Novikov

  • Kadim Ibrahimovic Bogdanov

  • Pavel Ya Zernov

  • Vladimir Ilyich Nikanorov - Aircraft

  • Viktor Tsar'kov - aircraft mechanic