Vickers Supermarine Spitfire Mk XVIII and Mk XIX. Photo. Characteristics.
Vickers Supermarine Spitfire Mk XVIII and Mk XIX. Photo. Characteristics.

Vickers Supermarine Spitfire Mk XVIII and Mk XIX. Photo. Characteristics.

United Kingdom

A type: Single-engine piston fighter, fighter-reconnaissance, and reconnaissance aircraft

Crew: One pilot

The modification of the Mk XVIII and the special photo-reconnaissance modification PR XIX, which is a modification of the original Spitfire aircraft with the Griffon engine, looked like an intermediate modification of the Mk XIV, which was immediately put into operation by the Royal Air Force in 1944, and work on by the plane "Griffon Spitfire" were continued. The delay with the entry into service of these modifications meant that only the modification of the PR XIX really could participate in the fighting of the Second World War.

Unlike the “temporary” modification of the Mk XIV (ironically, most of all), the Mk XVIII / XIX aircraft had a specially reinforced wing instead of the universal bearing surfaces used in the early versions, a stronger chassis and a drop-shaped cabin light, providing an overview of the rear hemisphere . The new aircraft also had an increased internal fuel capacity, which increased the range of the Spitfire aircraft. Produced both as a standard fighter (modification F XVIII 100 units were built) and as a reconnaissance fighter (modification FR XVIII - 200 units were built), the aircraft appeared on the front in the middle of 1945 year and was sent to the Far East . The last modification of the FR XVIII aircraft of the Royal Air Force Spitfire, “which had shot in anger with machine guns,” was decommissioned in the 1952 year.


Returning to the modification of unarmed PR XIX, it must be said that it is freely used as a strategic intelligence officer until the Day of Victory in Europe, and remained in operation under the symbol PR 19 1950-before's. Differs largest of all modifications of aircraft "Spitfire" flight range, modification PR XIX was built in 225 number of copies. Decommissioned in April 1954, three aircraft modification PR XIX and two aircraft variants Mk XVIII remain today in a state of airworthiness.

Basic data

dimensions (to modify the Mk XIX):

· Length: 9,99 m

· Wingspan: 11 m

· Height: 3,9 m

Aircraft performance characteristics:

· Maximum speed: 736 km / h

· Flight range: 800 km

Power point: «Griffon» 65 / 66 of "Rolls-Royce"

Power: 2050 l. from. (1528 kW)

The weight:

· Empty: 3016 kg

· Maximum take-off: 4740 kg

Date of first flight:

· Spring 1945 of the year

The surviving airworthy modifications: F XVIII, FR XVIIIE and PR XIX