Tu-330
other
Tu-330

Tupolev Tu-330

Russian territory on 2 / 3 has practically no transport communications. This refers to most of the North, the entire Far East and Siberia. It is therefore necessary skilled The flying technique for inter-connections.

A. Tupolev ASTC has long been engaged in the construction of cargo aircraft. company "Tu" The peculiarity of the transformation have always been military or transport aircraft into freighters. In 30-ies base for cargo modifications of aircraft F-1 and F-2 were heavy bombers TB and TB-1-3. In 50-ies used a long-range bombers Tu-4 conversion in the transport and landing of Tu-4TD. For the first time in the original Tupolev aircraft for transport technology was created in the year 1950 - Tu-75.

Tu-330

At the end of 50-X engineers began renovations Tu-Tu-104 and 114 under military transport and cargo modifications Tu-114T aircraft Tu-Tu and 115-107. The seventies were a massive development on the main plane Tu-Tu and 134-154, as a result of which produced a small batch of successful aircraft for CAF. At this time, we conducted extensive work on the creation of the main air cargo modified machines.

Given the fact that the country is in great need of cargo planes inter-class program "Russian Cargo Aircraft" has been developed. The basis of this program was the implementation of the replacement of technologically obsolete aircraft for domestic freight traffic of the new generation devices with the latest design technology and science of aviation. The implemented program will provide:

  • · Halved fuel consumption;

  • · Reduction in the cost of transportation by 40-50%;

  • · Increase the technical level of the cargo aircraft;

  • · Increased flight safety;

  • · Decent competitiveness in foreign and domestic markets;

  • · Reducing the negative impact on the environment;

  • · The use of a wide range of aviation tools for the implementation of special tasks.

Under this program provides optimization of the standard series transport cargo aircraft due to the emergence of medium transport Tu-330 (CTC), a regional freighter Tu-230 and operated by local airline Tu-130 (Tu-136 in the future).

The most advanced project is the program for the aircraft Tu-330. The wide-highly economical transport Tu-330 projected on the basis of industrial and scientific and technical reserve associated with serial medium-range passenger airliners last generation Tu-Tu and 214-204. Maintenance work on the airplane is conducted by RF Government Decree of April 24 1994 years. At this stage, it has already been transferred from the Antonov design documents on the Kazan Aviation Production Plant named after S. Gorbunov.

Medium Transport Tu-330 - it's a plane, able to replace the outdated AN-12 and IL-76TD. Volume unification with the base model Tu-204 solves the problem of software in comparison with similar projects CTC, in particular Ukrainian AN-70 and European FLA.

Includes such key benefits:

  • 1) minimum technical risk during project implementation;

  • 2) decrease in elapsed time in 2-3 times for fine-tuning, pilot and mass production;

  • 3) rapid adaptation to the operation of air traffic control systems;

  • 4) unification of the composition of avionics and cockpit with the main modern aircraft;

  • 5) a simple way to put an air vehicle into operation quickly;

  • 6) use of the whole complex of spare parts, KPA and SNO in conjunction with modern mainline aircraft.

ASTC at structurally-layout design modifications and variations of the base transport aircraft carefully examined a large variation of possible problems that can solve cargo liner for transportation. It is also considered an option, which will use the AN-330-70 and general conditions, each in its spectrum.

College of experts produced a count at which it became clear that the need for civil aviation in the apparatus of the Tu-330 present. Moreover, it is estimated at 100-120 air machines. The need to use the aircraft as a carrier on international routes is 25-30 units, and in respect of cargo deliveries in the near abroad is estimated at 25 units, far - 40 units. The result is that the total needed from the 180 215 to Tu-330. For the needs of the Russian Defense Ministry is 150-200 aircraft.

Accordingly, the results of experts about the need for an airplane to power and civilian agencies of the Tupolev engineers have made an indicative list of necessary modifications in the future:

  • 1. Tu-330 is a basic version of a cargo type for civil air fleet.

  • 2. Tu-330PS - search and rescue aircraft. Intended for conducting search and rescue operations, patrolling the entire marine zone, aerial photography, reconnaissance of ice conditions and fish schools, environmental monitoring.

  • 3. Tu-330P is designed to extinguish fires in forests.

  • 4. Tu-330RL conducts long-range instrumental exploration.

  • 5. Tu-330P - repeater aircraft.

  • 6. LNG is a tanker carrying LNG with an appropriate power plant.

  • 7. The Tu-330BT is a base cargo aircraft with an air force communications complex, equipment for loading and unloading standard tracked, wheeled combat vehicles.

  • 8. Tu-330SE - sanitary and evacuation aircraft.

  • 9. Tu-330TZ - aircraft used for refueling.

The design of the Tu-330

The airplane was created according to the scheme of the high-wing with the presence of a swept wing and the same tail empennage. A part of tail elements and the whole wing are designed according to the principle of Tu-204, they also retained high aerodynamic qualities. A new fuselage has been designed taking into account the specifics of the purpose of the aircraft. The central part, the cargo cabin are sealed. A cargo hatch with a landing gangway is located at the rear of the fuselage. 2 TRDD type PS-90A are mounted under the wings on the pylon. Such a scheme will allow to install more powerful engines in the future. ANTK, at the request of the customer, developed a variant for replacing standard engines on NK-93, Pratt & Whitney engines and Rolls-Royce engines. Foreign motors are not only similar to domestic ones, but also open the way to a foreign market.

In the rear of the fuselage, the APU is mounted as a type of TA 12-60. The chassis is represented by six independent stands with two brake wheels on each. Two wheels are installed on the front pillar. Due to this chassis, operation of landing and take-off of the aircraft on ground and concrete runways is provided. The category of constructive new solutions applied to the Tu-330 aircraft includes an electro-remote modernized machine control system with the presence of central handles (replacement of the steering wheel), the installation of flat glass on the cockpit light and the removal of the side doors of the cargo compartment. In a sealed cargo cabin with a volume of 330 cubic meters, a set of transport equipment was installed. Thanks to it, landing of people, equipment and cargoes is provided, as well as carrying out loading and unloading operations.

Tu-330 characteristics:



Modification Tu-330
Wingspan, m 43.50
Aircraft Length m 42.00
Height, m 14.00
Wing area, m2 195.50
empty
maximum take-off 103500
engine's type 2 TRD PS-90A
Thrust, kgf
unforced X 2 16140
forced X 2 17500
Maximum cruising speed, km / h 850
Cruising speed, km / h 800
Practical range, km 3000
Practical ceiling, m 11000
Crew 3
Payload: 35000 kg load

Aircraft

I have only positive emotions at the sight of our powerful air vehicles. The Tu-330 type aircraft is one of the most famous trucks created by domestic designers. This trudyaga, has excellent quality and excellent flight performance, because not for nothing on the ego basis was developed a very large number of modifications. Despite the fact that this model is no longer one decade from the first takeoff, it is in our time quite in demand in various industries. In my opinion, the recognition of the quality of this device is, as if the ego was bought by other countries in quite a large number.

Pages

.
upstairs