Aircraft carrier night
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Vliyaenie weather to perform combat flight

Vliyaenie weather to perform combat flight

The weather is of great importance for flights and is determined by the totality of the individual so-called meteorological elements, these elements (main) seven. Knowledge of these elements and knowledge of weather forecasting methods (predictions) are necessary for competent calculation and setting of aviation tasks.

Season

The most favorable for the use of air time of year is summer. By limiting conditions include thunderstorms, long rains and morning fogs.

Winter with its low temperatures, a short day, an unstable weather condition significantly limits the use of aviation, reduces the standards of the work of the pilots, and, consequently, the number of their flights and constrain the actions of the flight and maintenance crew. The aerodrome question is eased in winter, as the frosts that block the soil and the snow cover make it possible to use for the landing areas areas that can not be used in summer (wet meadows, swamps, uneven fields). However, during the winter, the operation of the airfield is highly dependent on the weather, since a snowstorm and snow in a short time can make the airfield unsuitable for flights, which will require a lot of people to clear and level the airfield. Spring and autumn in some areas for a long time turn off aviation from work. Razmokanie aerodromes, fogs, rains, storms can permanently stop its fighting.

Times of Day

And on the best time of day for fighting the Air Force is the time from dawn to dusk; most tranquil flight conditions are morning and evening, when there is no vertical air flow, creating a "bumpy", which is reflected in the precision bombing, on the performance of the tires and shooting crew.

Morning fog brief not prevent the departure, if the task should be carried out after the fog lifts. Early morning "twilight, allowing visual observation, exclude the use of cameras.

Overnight while not preventing the escape the fighting and the Air Force, but limits them.

White nights are almost the same capabilities for fighting as the twilight; in the bright moonlight might perform almost all tasks aircraft at low altitudes without the help of lighting equipment.

In the nights of average darkness, moonless, but clear and stellar, the flight is made using instrumental aeronautical methods of driving an airplane or according to large landmarks. Exploration of large columns is possible only on white highways without precise determination of the composition and quantity of the forces detected or with the use of lighting. Reconnaissance of movement by railways is carried out without much difficulty. In all cases of combat operations by the air force during the night of average darkness, the use of lighting means is required

In dark nights, the flight area should be equipped with light beacons. This equipment is produced by general army means on the submission of the air force of the army or front. On a dark night, flights in one formation or in battle order are limited; The flight of parts at night requires open structures and separation-at altitude and in time. Intelligence can be conducted along iron and well-marked roads and rivers, if there is a hope to open the enemy in the flames. Tasks for bombardment are given in respect of such objects, which are identified when controlling the aircraft lighting equipment or by other means (accurate aeronautical calculation, radio studies).

Military aviation

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