RўSѓ-22. R¤RѕS,Rѕ. ° ° RҐR SЂR RєS,RμSЂRёSЃS,RёRєRё.

RўSѓ-22, RєRѕS,RѕSЂS <R№ RїRѕ RєRѕRґRёS "RёRєR ° C † RёRё RќRђRўRћ RїRѕR" SѓS ‡ Röhr "RЅR ° F · ° RІR RЅRёRμ In" RћSЃR "RμRїRёS,RμR" SЊV "in € 'RґR ° F" SЊRЅRёR№ SЃRѕRІRμS,SЃRєRёR№ SЃRІRμSЂS ... P · P ± RІSѓRєRѕRІRѕR№ RѕRјR ° F ± ‰ SЂRґRёSЂRѕRІS RёRє, SЂR ° F · ° F ± SЂR RѕS,R ° neous PS PI RћRљR 'RўSѓRїRѕR "Ryo RїSЂRμRґRЅR RμRІR ° ° F ° C · RЅR ‡ P ° P "SЃSЏ RґR" SЏ P · P ° RјRμRЅS <SЃR RјRѕR ° "° RμS,R RўSѓ-16.

History of creation and production Tu-22

RџSЂRѕRμRєS, in "105V" RєR ° Rє RЅR ° F · C <RІR ° F "Ryo SЃR ° RјRѕR" RμS, PI RћRљR 'RёRј. RўSѓRїRѕR "RμRІR °, SЂR ° F · SЂR ° F ± P ° S,S <RІR ° F" SЃSЏ RїRѕRґ SЂSѓRєRѕRІRѕRґSЃS,RІRѕRј RіR "P ° RІRЅRѕRіRѕ RєRѕRЅSЃS,SЂSѓRєS,RѕSЂR ° F". RњR SЂRєRѕRІR ° °. RќR ° C ‡ P ° P "° RЅRёSЏ RїSЂRѕRμRєS,RёSЂRѕRІR neous PS â €" SЃSЂRμRґRёRЅR ° F ° ° RІRіSѓSЃS,R 1955 PI. RџR "P ° RЅRμSЂ RїRμSЂRІRѕRіRѕ RїSЂRѕS,RѕS,RёRїR SЃR ° ° RјRѕR" RμS,R SѓRґR ° ° P "RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕR" SѓS ‡ RёS,SЊ SѓR¶Rμ SЃRїSѓSЃS,SЏ 2 RіRѕRґR °, PI P PI 1957 ° RІRіSѓSЃS,Rμ . P "P neous PS" RμS,R ° 1958 PI. RЅR ° RЅRμRіRѕ SѓSЃRїRμR "Ryo SѓSЃS,R ° RЅRѕRІRёS,SЊ RґRІRёRіR ° S,RμR" Ryo Ryo RЅR ° C ‡ R ° R »Ryo SЃS,R ° S,RёS ‡ RμSЃRєRёRμ RёSЃRїS <S,R RЅRёSЏ ° F ° ° RїRїR SЂR S,R ° °.


RџRμSЂRІS <R№ RїRѕR "RμS, SЃR RјRѕR °" ° In RμS,R "105V" RґR ° S,RёSЂSѓRμS,SЃSЏ 21.06.1985. PP ° C ° F S,SѓSЂRІR € "RѕRј PI SЌS,RѕS, RґRμRЅSЊ RЅR ° C ... RѕRґRёR" SЃSЏ P "RμS,S ‡ RёRє-RёSЃRїS <S,R ° S,RμR" SЊ R®.Rў. RђR "P ° C € RμRІ.

RЎ 1957 PI. RїR SЂR ° ° P "P" RμR "SЊRЅRѕ SЃ RїRμSЂRІS <Rј RЅR ° C ‡ P ° P" RёSЃSЊ SЂR ° F ± RѕS,S <RїRѕ RїSЂRѕRμRєS,RёSЂRѕRІR ° RЅRёSЋ RІS,RѕSЂRѕRіRѕ RїSЂRѕS,RѕS,RёRїR °. RS,RѕS, P ° RіSЂRμRіR ° C RїRѕS,RμSЂRїRμR "RіR" SѓR ± RѕRєSѓSЋ RјRѕRґRμSЂRЅRёR · F ° C † RёSЋ PI RїR "F ° F ° RЅRμ SЌSЂRѕRґRёRЅR ° RјRёS ‡ RμSЃRєRёS ... SЃRІRѕR№SЃS,RІ.

RЎRμSЂRёR№RЅRѕRμ RїSЂRѕRёR · RІRѕRґSЃS,RІRѕ RўSѓ-22 P ± C <P "neous PS SЂR ° F · ° RІRμSЂRЅSѓS,Rѕ RЅR RљR ° R · R ° R ° RЅSЃRєRѕRј RІRёR ° C † RёRѕRЅRЅRѕRј P · P ° RІRѕRґRμ in" - 22 PI PI 1959. P "neous PS RμRіRѕ P · P ° RІRμSЂS € RμRЅRёSЏ (RґRμRєR ° F ± SЂSЊ 1969 PI.) SѓSЃRїRμR" Ryo RїRѕSЃS,SЂRѕRёS,SЊ 311 SЌRєR · RμRјRїR "SЏSЂRѕRІ RґR ° RЅRЅRѕRіRѕ SЃR ° RјRѕR" RμS,R °. P 'SЃSЂRμRґRЅRμRј SЃS,RѕRёRјRѕSЃS,SЊ RєR ° R¶RґRѕR№ RјR ° C RёRЅS € <RѕR ± C ... RѕRґRёR "P ° SЃSЊ SЃRѕRІRμS,SЃRєRѕR№ SЌRєRѕRЅRѕRјRёRєRμ PI 10 RјR" neous PS SЂSѓR ± R "RμR№.

Modifications Tu-22

The aircraft was manufactured in various versions: Tu-Tu-22A 22B scout Tu-22R, missile carrier Tu-22K, jammer Tu-22P and trainer Tu-22U. Most of the above was presented in the presence of a refueling system on a "hose-cone".


Reconnaissance version of the Tu-22R, Tu-22RM carried species, radio and electronic intelligence. Also, they could carry out aerial photography in the frontal area and the operational area of ​​the opponent, aided by the installation of the three on-board cameras.

In addition to reconnaissance, created a special educational version of the Tu-22U for training pilots piloting and piloting.

Tu-22P modification designed to create passive and active interference in the centimeter, decimeter and meter range. The new, more powerful radar, which was installed on the Tu-22P to track aerial targets and guide them fighters, and has also been linked with ground-based air defenses.

Tu-22 cabin

Tu-22 has become the most accidental aircraft of the Soviet Army: to 1975 20, it was broken% fleet, ie, approximately 70 machines.

Finally the aircraft was removed from the Navy and the Air Force of Russia in 90-ies.

Exploitation Tu-22

As part of the Soviet Air Force serial bomber Tu-22 began to arrive in two versions with 1962 years. Tu-22B was designed for pinpoint strikes on the sea, stationary and sedentary goals. The second variant of the Tu-Tu-22K 22KD could be equipped with a supersonic missile X-22 "Storm" class "air-surface" or the bombs of free fall a total weight of up to 13 t.

The armament of the aircraft was located not only in the main center-bomb bay, but also on the main landing gear pods, which are set aside for the PEAKS cartridges. rear hemisphere protection is provided by a remote-controlled gun mount DC-20, in which included a gun F-23.


The crew consisted of the captain, navigator and on-board operator.

On Tu-22 was the most modern avionics that time. It included radar "Rubin-1A" forward-looking (in the missile-carriers - radar "PN"), cannon defensive unit control radar "Argon-2", astrotracker BC-63A, gun telepritsel TP-1, navigation Bomber Machine TSNVU-1 , radio altimeter RV-25A, autopilot AP-7MTS, radio compass ARK-11, EW, radar systems near navigation RSBN-2S.

Tu-22 was equipped with an ejection seat during landing crew jobs chair fell down due electrolifts.

In the later series Tu-22 refueling system installed in the air. Its got 176 copies.

Design Disadvantages Tu-22

In the operation of the aircraft revealed several deficiencies. On the high-speed flight regimes due to air fluctuations and failures over the location of the engines tail car it became difficult to manage. This reversed the effect of ailerons made it necessary to limit the maximum speed of the aircraft to 1,4 M. plating heating and deformation of the structure caused a spontaneous shift in the control rods, which generated strong turns and heeling moment.

The aircraft became unstable in the management and just give in pitching. To resolve the above disadvantages, installed automatic longitudinal stability AU-105A, pitch dampers DT 105A, automatic extra effort ADU-105A. Inconvenience for the crew were high landing speed of aircraft ejection seats down and a bad review from the workplace.

Tu-22 off

Motors VD 7M also were not thorough. Later, they were replaced by more reliable and powerful RD-Turbojet 7M2, held constant modernization of copies in use.

Every day to operate the aircraft was very problematic. Preliminary training took up the whole day, preflight - up to 3,5 hours. Due to the placement of the engines at high altitude complicates access to it for maintenance.

During the repair or maintenance of Tu-22 experts had to have powerful hearing protection due to strong broadband heard on screen power plants.

Weak reliability and nedovedennost some of the most important systems in the state of safe use has led to a series of aircraft crashes this series. Errors and design flaws are constantly corrected by modifications EDO staff and Soviet industry. Until normal conditions, allowing safe use, Tu-22 was brought only in the middle 80-ies. The most problematic was the missile carrier Tu-22K.

Tu-22 video

Development of the aircraft is not given to each pilot. In the history of its operation were precedents failure to conduct pilots Tu-22 because of severe handling and high accident unit.

Tu-22 was removed from the Russian Air Force weapons in 1994, the last aircraft copies sent for recycling in 1994 g, despite the presence of an adequate supply of resources.

Despite all the bad things that have happened during the creation and operation of the Tu-22, this model served as a basis for further development of multi-mode supersonic missile carrier Tu-22M.

Supersonic twin-engine strategic bomber design bureau Tupolev was armed with 1959, the mass-produced.

Powerplant: two turbojet engines VD-7 12100 kg of thrust.

Tu-22 photo

Tu-22 photo

The performance characteristics of the Tu-22

  • Span, m 27,7

  • Length, m 40,5

  • Height, m ​​8,7

  • Wing area, m2 188,5

  • Useful Weight, 10 000

  • Launch weight, kg 84 000

  • Flight speed at height 12000 m, km / h 1590

  • Flight range, km 1400 — 3200

  • Ceiling, m 18 000

  • Crew, people 2


  • one gun caliber 23 mm

  • missiles

  • bombs

Simultaneously with the creation of the Tu-22 work was completed in preparation for the production of Tu-22M, which went on a small number of service in 1972, the peculiarity of the Tu-22M was wing with variable geometry in flight.


Tu-22M photo

Powerplant: two turbojet NK-144 engines for 19 600 kg.

The performance characteristics of the Tu-22M:

  • Wingspan 26,2-34,5

  • Length, m 40,2

  • Height, m ​​9,1

  • Wing area, m2 166

  • Empty weight, kg 50 000

  • Useful weight, kg 8000

  • Launch weight, kg 110 000

  • Flight speed at altitude M = 1,8-2М

  • Ground speed, km / h 900

  • Flight range, km 3600

  • Ceiling, m 17 000


  • 1 x 30 gun

  • missiles

  • bombs


Military aviation


Tu-22 - very nice bomber, which began to be used to 1958 years. Such aircraft to have a lot. It is similar to many of its technical characteristics, but also a bit of form.
Most of all I like the plane that it has the function to shift to ultrasonic activity. If at maximum speed, he will fly 900 km / h, then at supersonic it can catch 1200 km / h. This feature and the plane made known.
The aircraft was armed with bombs, rocket bombs and defensive weapons. All this gave the aircraft is another plus, because weapons on the plane - this is one of the main. In order to properly fly the plane he had 91 000 kg.
In general, a good plane! Effectively deal with many demanding tasks!