Ilyushin Il-102


IL-102 - an experimental Soviet heavy attack, which is a deep modernization IL-40. Work on the project started with 1972 years.

The air unit had planned to recreate a classic defensive attack aircraft gun mount. Also, the plan calculated that the combined use of radio and infrared traps effectively impact on the overall combat defense. On the plane for defensive purposes would set the gun GSH-23L. Assault weapons planned to use mobile 30 mm gun, which was mounted in two positions: horizontally or at an angle.


The whole process work was quite slow due to lack of funds and, roughly speaking, semi-legal permission for the plane. Though the leaders of the Defense Ministry have been against the development of IL-102, preferring program T8, yet turned a blind eye to the fact that EDO not stop wasting time and energy on the creation of a stormtrooper. In the early 1982 the aircraft finally built.

In late January, the aircraft was inspected by the Air Force Commander and Minister of Aviation Industry. Although they were very supportive of the new car, the Ministry of Defense did not approve the project. The Minister of Defense personally banned further design, reprimanding G. Novozhilov, but the work continued to lead. The project for conspiracy was renamed into an experimental aircraft-1 (ECO-1). Tests flight type for greater secrecy decided to implement in Belarus. And 25 September 82 year, IL-102 first climbed into the sky. It was piloted by the pilot of the OKB S. Blyznyuk - Honored Test Pilot.

IL-102 scheme

For the period from 1982 to 1984 year on the plane more than 250 flights were performed. Almost never on a plane there was a single failure or failure of the engine. The Sturmovik proved to be very maneuverable. At the end of 1984, he was transferred to the LII MAP in Zhukovsky. There he was also kept in the hangar. The fact is that by that time the large-scale production of the Su-25 fighter was set up, which, in almost everything except for defensive and small arms, was superior to Il-102. Two years later the project tried to resume, but due to a change in the political situation and insufficient funding, it was closed. Once again he was shown at the Moscow air show in 1992 year. There he gained short-term popularity. After a small amount of time, the project was completely forgotten.

Construction of IL-102

The aircraft is based on the normal aerodynamic configuration with a low wing swept. The structure is made very high-tech. More than 80% cladding sheets made of single curvature. Circular cross-section made air intakes.

Semi-monocoque fuselage. Pressurized cabin onboard gunner and pilot are located in the central part. Between them they have built in fuel tanks. The aerodynamic brake in an amount of two pieces fitted laterally rear fuselage. They are relatively small. Canopy pilot and shooter designed from flat bronestekol.


Dvuhlonzheronnoe wing, swept, relatively thick profile has gruzootseke to accommodate bomb weapons. It is equipped with a flap, which takes about 2 / 3 scope. Two-piece spoilers located on the upper surface of the wing.

Ejection seat K-36L allow evacuation of the airplane in an emergency. System Rescue crew synchronous.

The standard two-wheeled tricycle landing gear has a basic support, which are equipped with low-pressure tires. This unit allows the aircraft taking off or landing on unpaved runways. Bow Front is far ahead and turn back retracts into the fuselage. This arrangement provides a fairly good throughput, but negates the possibility of installation in the pocket of opto-electronic equipment and radar. The main stand are removed in turn forward wing nacelles.

Transport aircraft carried disassembled in railway standard platforms or in the cargo hold of IL-76.


The power plant is represented by two turbofan engines and with a thrust-88 5380 in kgs. They are designed in OKB Izotov. And-88 are unformatted version of the RD-33.

As the plane was all the time in the development phase and had no prior public order, he did not have a complete set of equipment. Then the plan of engineers examined the options installed on modern attack aircraft opto-electronic equipment. The wingtips (folded) antenna installed electronic intelligence "Birch-A."

In IL-102 30 planned to establish a double-barreled gun-millimeter-9A 4071K with ammunition in 500 shells. They wanted to place on the ventral rocking carriage, which can be fixed in two positions. If necessary, the quick and easy installation can be dismantled to replace it on the suspension arms bomb or mount additional fuel tank.


Turret with dvuhstvolny GSh 23L-millimeter caliber 23 located in the rear fuselage. Ammunition placed at a distance of three meters in front of the tail. It has made it possible to increase the ammunition. Feed shells to the turret mechanism occurs elektropodtyaga tape.

On the IL-102 can accommodate 7200 kg bomb load. Each wing has consoles in which three cargo spaces are located. That's where bombs weighing up to 250 kg are mounted. The combat load of the internal suspension units is 2300 kg. In total, 8 external suspension assemblies are installed on the aircraft, of which each wing has three, and two are located under the fuselage. According to the decision of the chief designer of IL-102, the ejected end-pieces of the wings installed blocks of the Avtomat-F reflectors and IR traps. From missile weapons, the aircraft can use SD air-to-surface missiles C-25L with semi-active laser guidance, NAR of various types and R-60M or R-73 air-to-air missiles.

IL-102 characteristics:

Modification   IL-102
Wingspan, m   16.90
Aircraft Length m   17.75
Height, m   5.08
Wing area, m2   63.50
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   13000
  normal takeoff   18000
  maximum take-off   22000
Fuel kg  
  internal kg   3700
  in PTB, l   1930
engine's type   2 TDRD RD-33I
Link unforced, kgf   X 2 5320
Maximum speed km / h   950
Ferry range, km   3000
Practical range, km   1000
Practical range at high speed, km   750 800
Combat range, km   250 300
Practical ceiling, m   10000
Crew   2
Armament:  one double swivel
 30-9A-4071K gun (500 shells) and two 23-mm GSH-2-23 in a mobile unit in the tail (60 shells, 2400-3200 rds / min)
 Combat load - 7200 kg on 16 suspension units (including 6 compartments in the wing on bombs up to 250 kg)
 UR air-to-air Р-60М, Р-73
 UR air-ground X-23, X-25, X-29, X-58.
 HURSy of all calibers
 all kinds of bombs, in t h, adjustable, up to 500 kg,
 gun containers (UAK-23-250, SPPU-1-23)


IL-102 video

OKB Ilyushin Aircraft