Japanese Air Force. Japan Aviation
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Japanese Air Force. Japan Aviation

Japanese Air Force. Japan Aviation

Japan's air force are the aviation component of Japan Self-Defense Forces and are responsible for protecting the airspace. Force Purpose is to combat air aggressor forces, providing air and missile defense of economic and political centers of the country, groups of forces and important military facilities, the implementation of the military support of the Navy and ground forces, conducting radar and aerial reconnaissance and providing transportation of troops and weapons in the air.

History of the Air Force and Japan Air

In the early twentieth century, almost all of Europe was interested in aviation. The same requirement appeared in Japan. First of all it was a military aircraft. In 1913 2, the country acquired the airplane - "Nieuport" NG (double) and "Nieuport" NM (triple), issued in 1910 year. It was originally planned to use them purely for exercise, but soon they took part in combat missions.

For the first time, Japan used combat aircraft in September of the year 14. Together with the British and French, the Japanese attacked the Germans who settled in China. In addition to the "Newpore", the Japanese Air Force had 4 units "Farman". At first they were used as scouts, and afterwards they carried out air strikes against the enemy. And the first air battle happened during the attack of the German fleet in Tsingtao. Then the German Taub rose to the sky. As a result of the air battle, there was no winner and loser, but one Japanese aircraft was forced to land on the territory of China. The plane was burnt. During the entire campaign, 86 sorties were fired and 44 bombs dropped.

The first attempts to start flying machines in Japan happened back in 1891 year. Then, in the air up several models with rubber motorchikami. A little later, a large model with a drive and a pusher propeller was designed. But the military is not interested in it. Only in 1910, when planes were purchased "Farman" and "Grande", aviation was born in Japan.

In 1916 was built the first unique development - flying boat "Yokoso". During the development of the company immediately took "Kawasaki", "Nakajima" and "Mitsubishi". Follow fifteen years, this trio engaged in production of improved models of European aircraft, mainly German, English and French. Pilot training was held in the best US schools. By the early 30-ies the government decided that it was time to start his own production of aircraft.

In 1936, Japan independently developed twin-engine bombers "Mitsubishi» G3M1 and Ki-21, reconnaissance aircraft "Mitsubishi" Ki-15, deck bombers "Nakajima» B5N1 fighters and "Mitsubishi" A5M1. In 37-year started the "second Japanese-Chinese conflict" that led to the complete secrecy aviation industry. A year later, the large industrial enterprises were privatized and the government completely controlled by them.

Until the end of World War II, Japanese aircraft submitted to the Japanese navy and the imperial army. She was not taken to a separate type of troops. After the war, when they began to form a new sun, created the self-defense forces of Japan. The first technique, which was in their submission, was produced in the United States. Starting with the 70-80-s, only those planes that have been modernized in Japanese enterprises began to be sent into service. A bit later, the aircraft of its own production came into service: the Kawasaki C-1 - military transport, the Mitsubishi F-2 - fighter-bomber. At 1992, Japanese aviation personnel were 46000 people, combat aircraft - 330 units. By 2004, the Japanese Air Force had a 51092 man.

In 2007, Japan has expressed a desire to buy the US F-22 - a fifth-generation fighter. Having been refused, the government decided to build its own aircraft of the same type - Mitsubishi ATD-X. By 2012, the number of employees in the Air Force declined to 43123 people. Number of aircraft - 371 unit.

Japan Air Organization (Japan Aviation)

The Air Force is headed by the headquarters. His subordinate commanders and combat support aircraft, communications team, training command, group security test command, hospitals (3 pieces), counterintelligence department and many others. The LHC is operational entity which performs tasks of combat Air Force.

The number of weapons and equipment include fighting, training, transport, special aircraft and helicopters.

Aircraft combat:

  1. F-15 Eagle - training and combat fighter.
  2. Mitsubishi F-2 - training and combat fighter-bomber.
  3. F-4 Phantom II - reconnaissance fighter.
  4. LockheedMartin F-35 Lightning II - fighter-bomber.

Aircraft training:

  1. Kawasaki T-4 - training.
  2. Fuji T-7 - training.
  3. Hawker 400 - training.
  4. NAMC YS-11 - training.

Aircraft-transporters:

  1. C-130 Hercules - freighter.
  2. Kawasaki C-1 - freighter, EW training.
  3. NAMC YS-11 - freighter.
  4. Kawasaki C-2 - freighter.

Aircraft special purpose:

  1. Boeing KC-767 - refueling aircraft.
  2. Gulfstream IV - VIP-transport.
  3. NAMC YS-11E - EW aircraft.
  4. E-2 Hawkeye - AWACS aircraft.
  5. Boeing E-767 - AWACS aircraft.
  6. U-125 Peace Krypton - rescue aircraft.

Helicopters:

  1. CH-47 Chinook - freighter.
  2. Mitsubishi H-60 - life.

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