Airbus A300
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Airbus A300 (Airbus A300)

Airbus A300 (Airbus A300). A photo. Video. The scheme of the cabin. Specifications. Reviews

✈ The Airbus A300 is the world's first twin-engine, wide-body aircraft designed for medium and long-haul airlines. A300 is also the first aircraft built by the combined European consortium Airbus Industrie, which today is part of the European Aerospace and Defense Concern (EADS).

Design A300 began at the request of the French, German and British governments to replace the US Boenga 727. The main requirements for the construction of the liner was the presence of two engines and a wide fuselage capable of accommodating from 250 to 300 passengers.

In September 1969, French companies, together with West Germany, began designing a common European airliner. The aircraft was assembled in the French city of Toulouse.

Airbus a330 300 photo

Airbus a330 300 photo

By December 1970, the aircraft design was ready. The aircraft received CF6-80-C2-1 engines of General Electric. Later on, Prat-Whitney PW-4000 engines were also installed on the aircraft.

Wing aircraft with all the mechanization was designed by the British company «Hawker Siddeley Group Limited».

After construction, the first model aircraft received the designation Airbus A300 B1.

The first flight of the prototype took place on October 28 1972 of the year. In March, 1974, the test model passed certification. The aircraft was commissioned on May 30 of the year 1974. The operational modification was the B4 model, which has a larger fuel reserve and a greater range than the base B1. The first airline to start operating the aircraft was "Air France.

The plane became at that time the most comfortable aircraft with low noise. The aircraft usually has 266 passenger seats in a two-class configuration with a maximum range to fly 7540 kilometers.

Salon Airbus A300

Airbus A300 Salon

The plane with the first release of its constantly evolving. On this basis it has been released Utility option A300 C4 and transportnogruzovoy option A300 F4.

From December 1980, the consortium began to develop an improved model of the aircraft - Airbus A300-600. The first flight modification A300-600 with engines Pratt & Whitney JT9D made 8 July 1983 of the year. After passing all certifications in 1985, the plane began to flow to the airline. The first air carrier to have A300-600 at its disposal was ThailandThai Airways.

Later, the A300-600R model was released, which had a larger fuel reserve and due to this increased flight range. The first user of A300-600R, in April 1988, was the American airline “American Airlines.

Driving Airbus A300 salon

Airbus A300 interior scheme

Based on the A300-600R, the A300-600ST “Beluga” was built, capable of carrying loads of enormous size.

In March 2006 «Airbus Industrie» has announced that production of the aircraft A300 ends in July 2007 years.

By the end of production on 18-2007 year of April, a total of was built 561 airliners Airbus A300.

Technical characteristics of the aircraft Airbus A300 B4:

  • First flight: October 28 1972 years
  • Years of production: c 1972 g. To 2007 g.
  • Length: 53,62 m.
  • Height: 16,53 m.
  • Empty weight: 88490 kg.
  • Wing area: 260 square. m.
  • Wingspan: 44,84 m.
  • Cruising speed: 850-870km. / H.
  • Maximum speed: 910 km / h..
  • Ceiling: 11500 m.
  • Flight range with maximum load: 5500 km.
  • Engines: 2 turbofan General Electric CF6 or PW-4000
  • Crew: 2 person
  • Number of seats: 266 seats in two classes

Airbus A300 video

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