Antonov An-2
Antonov An-2. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

Antonov An-2. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.


Antonov An-2 a multipurpose biplane with a small distance off and landing, designed primarily for use as a light transport aircraft, as well as its application in agriculture.

The idea of ​​developing an aircraft capable of taking off and landing in remote and sparsely populated areas of the USSR, was launched back in the year 1940 Oleg Antonov.

An 2 photo

Antonov An-2 helm

However, Antonov project in February 1941 has been rejected due to low flying speed of the proposed aircraft. But in January 16 1946 years, yet was given permission to build a low-speed biplane Antonov, and first of all to lift the economy in the postwar years. Already 6 March this year, adopted a resolution on the creation of the design team, EDO-153, for the construction of a single-engine, transport and cargo biplane with a small length of the run. It was supposed to release two versions of the aircraft.

The first version of the ball should be intended for military transport purposes and have an engine-ASH-62IR, and the second version with the engine of the AS-21, was intended for agricultural purposes. In July 1947, the first model of the aircraft was built, which received the designation CX-1. The first flight of an airplane with an installed ASH-62IR engine designed by Shevtsov was made by test pilot PN Volodin, 31 August 1947. Flights with this engine were made before 10 September 1947 year, after which, the model of the aircraft was installed engine АШ-21. After all the factory tests, 4 October 1947 year, the aircraft was transferred to the state commission, for conducting state tests.

In 1948, after all the tests, the An-2 aircraft entered the flight operation. And initially it began to be used in the treatment of rural fields.

The code word NATO air ships (NATO reporting names), An-2 aircraft received the designation «Colt», which translated means "colt". The people, the aircraft received the name of "maize", as used in large quantities during the sowing of corn fields in times of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union.

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Antonov An-2 2 Salon

Originally developed as an aircraft for agricultural work, An-2 became very fast multi-purpose aircraft - ranging from piloting skills training to military applications in passenger traffic on domestic routes.

Biplane An-2 has the following modifications:

An-2SKH - for farm work

An-2F - for aerial photography

An-2T - transport version

An-2TD - amphibious transport modification

An-2TP - freight passenger version

A 2PP - fire option, with water floats

An-2V - version with floats to carry out landing on the water surface.

There have also been released, such as the modification of the An-3, with an engine HPT-20, the water version of the An-4 with float landing gear and weather reconnaissance An-6.

In addition to the USSR and then Russia and Ukraine, the aircraft was manufactured in Poland and China.

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en 2 Salon

And if in Poland and Russia the production of these aircraft is suspended, then China continues their production. On the Chinese models, the HS-5 engine, the analog of the engine ASH-62IR, is installed. Chinese An-2, received the designation Shijiazhuang Y-5. In total, China produces up to 20 of these machines a year. In Ukraine, to date, the release of An-2, but only in an upgraded version, has resumed. In 2013 at the state-owned enterprise Antonov in Kiev, a test was launched of the upgraded version of An-2-100. This version of the aircraft is equipped with a turboprop engine MS-14, developed by the Ukrainian company PJSC "Motor Sich".

Due to the fact that the biplane AN-2, easy to use, economical, able to take off from unprepared unpaved airfields and has a small length of the run, and run, in 2012, the decision was made to the Russian Federation Ministry of Transport, to hold in 2015, the deep modernization of up to a thousand AN-2. This upgrade includes the replacement of engines, increased range and the installation of modern air navigation equipment.

To date, it produced more than 18 thousand aircraft An-2, various modifications.


Technical characteristics of the AN-2:


  • First flight: August 31 1947 years

  • Years of mass production: c 1947 until now.

  • Length: 12,70 m.

  • Height (land): 4,13 m.

  • Empty weight: 3400 - 3700 kg.

  • The total wing area: 71,52 sq.m.

  • The scope of the upper wing: 18,17 m.

  • The scope of the lower wing: 14,20 m.

  • Cruising speed: 180-190 km / h..

  • Stall speed:. 60 km / h.

  • Maximum speed: 255 km / h..

  • Ceiling: 4500 m.

  • Range: 990 km.

  • Length of takeoff: 150 - 235 m.

  • path length: 140 - 225 m.

  • Engines: 1 piston engine AL-62IR

  • Crew: 2 person

  • Number of seats: 12 places


An 2 video

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He flew AN-2, cool samolet.Samoe importantly, despite to.chto pornevoy AL-62 in the cabin a little drendit on it as a biplane, virtually no stalling threshold, as monoplane.Da and speed of his takeoff-about 65 km / ch.da and mechanization is very steep for a biplane, not only the flaps and slats, but also on each trimmery.Ne biplane is meet !!! Da.Antonov created a masterpiece of small aircraft, durable and nadezhnyy.a most importantly, simple in circulation!!!

I flew confirm. then flew on different types of memory was this.

Cool samaleck. He studied in Chita, DOSAAF, skipped with a parachute, in the distant 1988 year. The truth all shakes, such impression, in a basin on sleepers drag, in the rest all norms.