Cessna 414. Characteristics. A photo.
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Cessna 414. Characteristics. A photo.

Cessna 414. Characteristics. A photo.

 

The Cessna 414 is an American twin-engined light multipurpose aircraft that began mass production in 1968.

Production of the new small-engine aircraft Cessna 414 based on two models - Cessna 401 and Cessna 421, from which the new plane received the fuselage and wings, however, the new aircraft has received a number of additional modifications and improvements, in view of what has been presented as a separate model.

 

Cessna 414

 

As the power plant on the small-engine airplane Cessna 414 was established two piston 6-cylinder engines Continental TSIO-520-J, allowing to develop capacity in 620 hp, which was enough for transportation 6-8 passengers (depending on the internal complete interior).

The system was a retractable landing gear, so during flight greatly reduces drag, and the plane was more maneuverable and very easy to manage.

 

Cessna 414A Chancellor

 

Among other things, the development of small-engine aircraft Cessna 414, American aircraft manufacturers have taken into account the experience of past years, and have made a multi-purpose aircraft. If necessary, all passenger seats in the cabin can be removed, and the aircraft could serve as a cargo transport aircraft, with a carrying capacity in this case exceeded 1.1 t.

In 1974, one of the modifications appeared - the Cessna 414 Turbo Star Pressurized, which was equipped, in addition to the new Allison 250-B17B turboshaft engines, with wing elements such as winglets, which increased the aerodynamic performance of the aircraft. Nevertheless, the aircraft was produced in only a few units, and to date, according to some reports, only one aircraft of this model has survived.

 

Cessna 414 photo

 

Model Cessna 414A Chancellor, presented in 1978 year, was to replace the basic production version. The main distinguishing features of the modification is the new shape of the tail of the aircraft, re-engineered chassis, elongated nose of the aircraft, as well as a new power plant of the same capacity, but more practical in terms of operation and maintenance. Among other things, the new model has been equipped with modern avionics, which made it more popular than the previous version - for production from the factory conveyor Cessna airplane descended 554 this model.

In addition, US aircraft manufacturers have developed another version of the 414 series light-engine aircraft - the Cessna 414 Riley Rocket. This model was equipped with two 720 hp Lycoming IO-400 engines. each, and among other things, the cabin of the aircraft was also redesigned, which made passenger transportation more convenient, which is very important, especially considering the fact that the Cessna 414 can fly over distances of almost 2.5 thousand kilometers.

 

Specifications Cessna 414.

 

  • Crew: 1-2 person;
  • Passenger: 8 people (depending on configuration);
  • aircraft Length: 11,09 m (depending on version).
  • Wingspan: 13,45 m .;
  • Plane Height: 3,5 m .;
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 1980 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Payload: 1082 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 3062 kg .;
  • Cruising speed: 395 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 435 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 2459 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 9380 m .;
  • aircraft engine type: a piston (depending on version);
  • Powerplant: 2 x Continental TSIO-520 (depending on modification);
  • Power: 2 x 310 hp (Depending on version).

 

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