Location of the wreckage of the Yak-42. Aerosvit. 1997 year.
Location of the wreckage of the Yak-42. Aerosvit. 1997 year.

Place the debris and factors vizhivaemosti

 Yak-xnumx. Aerosvit. 42 year.



Due to the inclination of the surface of the engine and all 3 VSU12 at the bottom of the foot of the ridge. The rear part of the fuselage, which was completely destroyed, was half way along the path of ruin. In the area of ​​the final stop most of the remnants of the crash were found left wing, fuselage, part of the right wing and landing gear 3.

Most of the bodies of those who were on board were found in the area between the first collision point and along the way to the final stop wreckage. The remains of the crash show that at the time of the collision, both the flaps and landing gear were in the retracted position (in accordance with the indications on the parameters - PSC).


survival Factors


Last radio AEW-241 ATC "Macedonia" was 19: 12: 28. When the ATC board resulted in 19: 12: 51. 19: 12: 53. 19: 13: 12 and later there was no answer.

The first indication of the possible location of the incident was obtained by listening to snippets of negotiations between the ATC and the flight crew, according to which, according to the flight crew reports, the aircraft should be north of the airport. The flight trajectory of the aircraft, which was obtained from the PALLAS radar system of the Greek Civil Aviation Administration, and also from the Greek Air Force, showed that the aircraft was heading first to the west and then to the southwest from the Macedonia airport. Accordingly, all the exploratory work was aimed at the south-west direction from the airport in the area of ​​Katsrini and in particular near the Pieria mountains.

Prospecting began at 21:00 pm * on December 17, 1997, when the first C-130 began dropping flares on the Katsrini coastline. while Coast Guard ships searched the Thermaikos Gulf and along the Katsrini coastal zone. Search and rescue operations from the air were carried out using the Greek Air Force C-130, RF-4 and F-16As well as helicopters, Air Force of Greece, the Greek army units and the Greek Navy. During search and rescue missions in all 167 was carried out and the raid was 377 hours. 5000 people from the Greek army took part in operations (3 Army Corps). In this unprecedented search and rescue operation was attended by Greek police, special unit to assist in emergency situations (EMAK), mountain rangers and ski clubs, as well as volunteers from the local bus about

Weather conditions in the area were very unfavorable and do search and rescue work is almost impossible. Thick fog to a height of 4500 feet covered the area up to 20.12.97 was making flights at low altitude impossible, and not allowing the use of helicopters to find the remains of an aircraft crash.

The disaster at Thessaloniki. Yak-42. Aerosvit. 1997 year.

It is almost impossible to search for teams to advance in mountainous terrain due to fog and dense forest, which was covered with snow with a height of one meter.

The Yak-42 It was not equipped with emergency locator transmitters (ANN), so it can not be detected in a simple manner. Determination

aircraft position from the satellite has not produced positive results. December 20 1997 goal mist descended to an altitude of feet in 2500 08: 04 Greek Navy helicopter discovered the area in the lower part of the range of IOL called "Our Five" in the mountains Pisriya.

The scene was established and one of the helicopter crew members decided to descend directly using the rope. This was the first contact with a missing aircraft.

All injuries corresponded to injuries as a result of braking of varying intensity, taking into account the position of the passengers' seats and the pattern of the destruction of the aircraft. It was not possible to assess individual damage by identifying the seats due to the wide spread of the remains of the passenger compartment. The chairs were broken off and scattered. The accepted belts were torn off from their individual seats by the impact force.

Most of the bodies were scattered all the way, from the initial impact of the aircraft with the ground, collapsed when the lower part of the fuselage, the place of the final remnants of the collapse of most of the stops, in 70 meters to the north. Board of Investigation arrived at the scene 12: 30 20 UHV December 1997 years. The scene was immediately cordoned off and placed under the protection of the Greek army.

After a general inspection of the sites, Sone freed the bodies and ordered rescue teams to begin evacuating them and transporting them to the morgue in Thessaloniki. Given the unfavorable conditions (weather, terrain), all the services involved in search and rescue operations performed their duties with exceptional efficiency.

In the following days, the Council visited the scene eleven times in order to uncover evidence and collect the necessary materials for the day of the investigation.


  1. Full information about the vessel
  2. Information about downloading and ship the balance
  3. Information on meteorological conditions Airport "Macedonia" 
  4. Information about the location and the very clash
  5. Place the debris and factors vizhivaemosti
  6. Analysis: General Crash Considerations
  7. Overview of confusion in the cockpit
  8. The study of the effectiveness of the Manager
  9. Basic facts about the crash of the Yak-42
  10. The main causes of the disaster


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