rocketglider
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rocketglider

rocketglider

Rocket planes with 20-50-x on e of the last century it was customary to call the aircraft with a rocket engine type that works on solid or liquid fuels. Prominent representatives of rocket planes of that time were:

  • X-1.

  • Bi-1.

  • Non-xnumx.

With 1960 years the concept of "rocket plane" began to include large number of aircraft, such as the aircraft carrier, carrier rocket, hypersonic aircraft, orbital plane, the spaceplane. An example of such aircraft can be called spaceships, such as "Buran", "Space Shuttle", "MAX" and the planes X and X-20-15.

In today's world of aviation is called such devices MTX, which stands for reusable space system, or game - aviation space system. In the second part of these devices is a spaceship, it is considered in conjunction rocketplane.

It should be emphasized that the rocket plane - an aircraft is reusable, which is made on the aerodynamic configuration of aircraft. That such a scheme provides additional lift by the lifting surfaces. The machine has its own type of propulsion engines, and in the most active phase of the flight using an additional rocket engine. Planting is carried out by the main engine, and the decrease is the type of glider. It is possible to install additional engines.

A brief history of the development of rocket planes

The first experience in this area designers have done more in 20-30-ies of the last century. This was made possible due to the appearance in these years, new technologies, namely the engines of CFR. The first country that took advantage of this technology, Germany was created and the first aircraft with the rocket and jet engine He-176.

In turn, the designers of the United States in the 50-60-th year of the last century began the creation of experimental devices that run from the aircraft carrier. These developments made it possible to manufacture the first in the history of mankind suborbital space plane X-15, which overcame hypersonic flight speed. Bell X-1, X-43, and Lockheed D-21 became another similar and quite successful American car. In addition to these spaceplanes, other advanced countries of the world were created.

Classification of aircraft:


А

Administrative plane

Б

Bomber

В
Military transport aircraft

Air carrier

Г
The hybrid airship
Seaplane

Hypersonic aircraft

Д

twin-boom aircraft

И
Fighter

Fighter-bomber

К
counterinsurgency aircraft

Kosmoplan

Л

Flying Submarine

О

The orbital plane

П
Passenger plane
dive-bomber

Generation jet fighter

Р
missile carrier
rocketglider
Reactive plane

Regional aircraft

С
VTOL
Aircraft maintenance
The aircraft short takeoff and landing
Aircraft reconnaissance
Supersonic aircraft
High-speed bomber

Strategic bomber

Т
torpedo-boat

Transport aircraft

У
narrow-body aircraft
Training and combat aircraft

Training aircraft

Ш
wide-body aircraft
attack plane
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