High-speed bomber
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High-speed bomber

High-speed bomber

High-speed bomber (later - Medium bomber) - aircraft, the concept of which was developed in 1930-ies, according to which the bomber, having sufficient speed, had a significant advantage over the enemy.

The first plane, which was built on this concept was "Henschel Hye-70». Later, for its change of aircraft constructed "Dornier Up-17».

Before 1937 of flights, during which set several records speed, we confirmed the importance of this concept. However, during the Spanish Civil War-laden bombs before-17 can not develop enough speed to evade interception.

The pace of development of bombers in 1930-ies even temporarily bypassed rates fighter design, but with the emergence at the end of "Spitfires" decade and "Hurricanes" their qualities were enough to not only catch up with the Up-17, but also have the advantage of cannon armament. Therefore, the 1940 17-plane to be removed from production.

In Germany, attempts were continued to create new high-speed bombers, which were opposed to the large-sized bombers of the US Air Force and the Royal Air Force with powerful defensive weapons. Thus, the “Junkers U-88”, “Messerschmitt Me-410“ Hornet ”and the jet“ Arado Ar-234 “Lightning”, which was called the “fastest bomber”, were created. According to the same concept for the Luftwaffe developed aircraft "Dornier Do-335" and "Henschel Heh-219", but they changed their combat mission.

In 1939, at the request of the Luftwaffe began to develop high-speed medium bomber, carrying a larger bomb load ("Bomber B"). He was offered as a substitute for the first high-speed bomber.

The project was shelved due to lack of engine power greater than the multi-block 24-cylinder Jumo-222.

The most effective high-speed bomber of World War II - is the British "Mosquito." He managed to maintain its speed advantage at this time, so the loss of "Mosquito" the smallest among all models of the Royal Air Force bombers.

According to this concept in the Soviet Union produced ANT-40 1941 to year.

Later they began to produce planes for medium bomber concept. In particular, these aircraft are:

  • Martin B-26 Marauder.

  • North American B-25 Mitchell.

  • Martin Baltimore.

  • Handley Page Hampden.

Classification of aircraft:


А

Administrative plane

Б

Bomber

В
Military transport aircraft

Air carrier

Г
The hybrid airship
Seaplane

Hypersonic aircraft

Д

twin-boom aircraft

И
Fighter

Fighter-bomber

К
counterinsurgency aircraft

Kosmoplan

Л

Flying Submarine

О

The orbital plane

П
Passenger plane
dive-bomber

Generation jet fighter

Р
missile carrier
rocketglider
Reactive plane

Regional aircraft

С
VTOL
Aircraft maintenance
The aircraft short takeoff and landing
Aircraft reconnaissance
Supersonic aircraft
High-speed bomber

Strategic bomber

Т
torpedo-boat

Transport aircraft

У
narrow-body aircraft
Training and combat aircraft

Training aircraft

Ш
wide-body aircraft
attack plane
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upstairs